In- vitro-activity of additive application of hydrogen peroxide in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy using LED in the blue spectrum against bacteria and biofilm associated with periodontal disease.

Kunz, Daniel; Wirth, Jessica; Sculean, Anton; Eick, Sigrun (2019). In- vitro-activity of additive application of hydrogen peroxide in antimicrobial photodynamic therapy using LED in the blue spectrum against bacteria and biofilm associated with periodontal disease. Photodiagnosis and photodynamic therapy, 26, pp. 306-312. Elsevier 10.1016/j.pdpdt.2019.04.015

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BACKGROUND

Although antimicrobial photodynamic therapy (aPDT) has been shown to be efficient in killing planktonic periodontopathogenic bacteria, its activity on established biofilms is very limited. The aim of the present in-vitro study was to evaluate the potential effect of hydrogen peroxide as a pretreatment for aPDT.

METHODS

aPDT consisting of riboflavin as photosensitizer and illumination by a LED lamp emitting in the blue spectrum for 30 s and 60 s (aPDT60) was combined with a pretreatment with 0.25% and 3% hydrogen peroxide. The antimicrobial activity of these treatments was determined against eight oral species (incl. Porphyromonas gingivalis and Tannerella forsythia) and against eight-species biofilms. Treatment of biofilms in an artificial pocket model included a mechanical removal of the biofilm.

RESULTS

Against planktonic bacteria, pretreatment with hydrogen peroxide increased killing of planktonic bacteria, after aPDT60 no viable bacteria were detected in 7 of 8 strains. In biofilms formed on well-plates, aPDT60 reduced bacterial counts only by 0.53 log10 cfu, whereas reduction was closed to 4 log10 or higher when 3% hydrogen peroxide was used. When biofilms were treated in the periodontal-pocket model, reduction of cfu was less than 0.5 log10 after mechanical therapy or aPDT60 only, however no bacteria were detected after mechanical biofilm removal followed by the use 3% of hydrogen peroxide and aPDT60.

CONCLUSIONS

aPDT using riboflavin and blue LED light applied after mechanical removal of biofilm and adjunctive 3% hydrogen peroxide solution appears to represent an alternative for antimicrobial periodontal therapy.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology

UniBE Contributor:

Sculean, Anton and Eick, Sigrun

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1873-1597

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

16 Jan 2020 16:09

Last Modified:

17 Apr 2020 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.pdpdt.2019.04.015

PubMed ID:

31002887

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Antimicrobial photodynamic therapy Biofilms Hydrogen peroxide Periodontopathogens Riboflavin

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137772

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137772

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