Effect of platelet-rich fibrin on cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, inflammation, and osteoclastogenesis: a systematic review of in vitro studies.

Strauss, Franz-Josef; Nasirzade, Jila; Kargarpoor, Zahra; Stähli, Alexandra; Gruber, Reinhard (2020). Effect of platelet-rich fibrin on cell proliferation, migration, differentiation, inflammation, and osteoclastogenesis: a systematic review of in vitro studies. Clinical oral investigations, 24(2), pp. 569-584. Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00784-019-03156-9

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OBJECTIVE

To systematically assess the effects of platelet-rich fibrin (PRF) on in vitro cellular behavior.

METHODS

A systematic electronic search using MEDLINE database was performed. In vitro studies using PRF were considered and articles published up to June 31, 2018 were screened. Eligible studies were selected based on the use of human PRF.

RESULTS

In total, 1746 titles were identified with the search terms, from these 37 met the inclusion criteria and were chosen for data extraction. In addition, 16 new studies, mainly published in 2019, were also included in the analysis resulting in 53 studies. No meta-analysis could be performed due to the heterogeneity of study designs. Included studies show that PRF enhances proliferation, migration, adhesion, and osteogenic differentiation on a variety of cell types along with cell signaling activation. Furthermore, PRF reduces inflammation, suppresses osteoclastogenesis, and increases the expression of various growth factors in mesenchymal cells. Despite some notable differences of the studies, the overall findings suggest a positive effect of PRF on cell proliferation, migration, adhesion, differentiation, and inflammation pointing towards a therapeutic potential in regenerative dentistry.

CLINICAL RELEVANCE

PRF serves as a reservoir of bioactive molecules to support wound healing and bone regeneration. Although the cellular mechanisms by which PRF supports the clinical outcomes remain unclear, in vitro research provides possible explanations. This systematic review aims to provide an update of the existing research on how PRF affects basic physiological processes in vitro. The overall findings suggest that PRF induces cell proliferation, migration, adhesion, and differentiation along with possessing anti-inflammatory properties further supporting its therapeutic potential in wound healing and bone regeneration.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Stähli, Alexandra Beatrice and Gruber, Reinhard

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1432-6981

Publisher:

Springer-Verlag

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

21 Jan 2020 13:54

Last Modified:

11 Mar 2021 15:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s00784-019-03156-9

PubMed ID:

31879804

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Anti-inflammatory agents Cell differentiation Cell migration Cell proliferation Growth factor In vitro Osteoclastogenesis Platelet-rich fibrin

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137782

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137782

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