Injectable-platelet rich fibrin using the low speed centrifugation concept improves cartilage regeneration when compared to platelet-rich plasma.

Abd El Raouf, Mustafa; Wang, Xuzhu; Miusi, Si; Chai, Jihua; Mohamed AbdEl-Aal, Abdel Basit; Nefissa Helmy, Mekkawy M; Ghanaati, Shahram; Choukroun, Joseph; Choukroun, Elisa; Zhang, Yufeng; Miron, Richard J. (2019). Injectable-platelet rich fibrin using the low speed centrifugation concept improves cartilage regeneration when compared to platelet-rich plasma. Platelets, 30(2), pp. 213-221. Taylor & Francis

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The aim of the present study was to evaluate the effect of injectable platelet-rich fibrin (i-PRF) on cultivated chondrocytes and osteochondral regeneration in critical-sized osteochondral defect of the rabbit's knee in comparison to autologous platelet-rich plasma (PRP). Chondrocytes were first investigated for their ability to proliferate and differentiate in response to PRP and i-PRF. Thereafter, full-thickness critical-sized osteochondral defects 5 mm in diameter and 5 mm in depth were created in the knee joint of 12 adult female New Zealand White rabbits. Defects were regenerated with either PRP or i-PRF and compared to control. Animals were sacrificed at 4 and 12 weeks postoperatively and evaluated histologically by macroscopic and microscopic examination for cartilage regeneration. i-PRF significantly promoted chondrocyte proliferation and mRNA levels of Sox9, collagen type II, and aggrecan when compared to PRP and control. Histological analysis revealed that at 4 weeks, macroscopic ICRS scores from the i-PRF group were significantly enhanced when compared to the PRP and control groups. At 12 weeks post surgery, the microscopic ICRS scores demonstrated that the i-PRF group significantly improved cartilage regeneration when compared to PRP. In conclusion, the use of i-PRF using the low speed centrifugation concept significantly promoted chondrocyte activity and further improved cartilage regeneration when compared to PRP. The histological results revealed early and better cartilage regeneration within 4 weeks postoperatively when i-PRF was utilized and the results were maintained at 12 weeks. Future clinical studies are now needed investigating the regenerative potential of i-PRF in comparison to PRP for knee regeneration.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > Department of Periodontology
04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Periodontics Research

UniBE Contributor:

Miron, Richard John

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0953-7104

Publisher:

Taylor & Francis

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

16 Jan 2020 12:39

Last Modified:

16 Jan 2020 12:39

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137823

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137823

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