Adherence to statin therapy favours survival of patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease.

Dopheide, Jörn F; Veit, Jonas; Ramadani, Hana; Adam, Luise; Papac, Lucija; Vonbank, Alexander; Kaspar, Mathias; Rastan, Aljoscha; Baumgartner, Iris; Drexel, Heinz (2019). Adherence to statin therapy favours survival of patients with symptomatic peripheral artery disease. (In Press). European heart journal - cardiovascular pharmacotherapy Oxford University Press 10.1093/ehjcvp/pvz081

[img] Text
Dopheide, Eur Heart J Cardiovasc Pharmacother 2019.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (454kB) | Request a copy

AIMS  We hypothesized that adherence to statin therapy determines survival in patients with peripheral artery disease (PAD). METHODS AND RESULTS  Single-centre longitudinal observational study with 691 symptomatic PAD patients. Mortality was evaluated over a mean follow-up of 50 ± 26 months. We related statin adherence and low-density lipoprotein cholesterol (LDL-C) target attainment to all-cause mortality. Initially, 73% of our PAD patients were on statins. At follow-up, we observed an increase to 81% (P < 0.0001). Statin dosage, normalized to simvastatin 40 mg, increased from 50 to 58 mg/day (P < 0.0001), and was paralleled by a mean decrease of LDL-C from 97 to 82 mg/dL (P < 0.0001). The proportion of patients receiving a high-intensity statin increased over time from 38% to 62% (P < 0.0001). Patients never receiving statins had a significant higher mortality rate (31%) than patients continuously on statins (13%) or having newly received a statin (8%; P < 0.0001). Moreover, patients on intensified statin medication had a low mortality of 9%. Those who terminated statin medication or reduced statin dosage had a higher mortality (34% and 20%, respectively; P < 0.0001). Multivariate analysis showed that adherence to or an increase of the statin dosage (both P = 0.001), as well as a newly prescribed statin therapy (P = 0.004) independently predicted reduced mortality. CONCLUSION  Our data suggest that adherence to statin therapy is associated with reduced mortality in symptomatic PAD patients. A strategy of intensive and sustained statin therapy is recommended.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Angiology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Dopheide, Jörn Fredrik; Veit, Jonas; Adam, Luise Leonore; Kaspar, Mathias; Rastan, Aljoscha; Baumgartner, Iris and Drexel, Heinz

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2055-6837

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Baumgartner

Date Deposited:

07 Jan 2020 12:24

Last Modified:

07 Jan 2020 12:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/ehjcvp/pvz081

PubMed ID:

31886861

Uncontrolled Keywords:

All-cause mortality Peripheral artery disease Statin adherence

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137885

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137885

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback