Sodium and Potassium Intakes and Cardiovascular Risk Profiles in Childhood Cancer Survivors: The SCCSS-Nutrition Study.

Belle, Fabiën N; Schindera, Christina; Guessous, Idris; Popovic, Maja Beck; Ansari, Marc; Kuehni, Claudia E; Bochud, Murielle (2019). Sodium and Potassium Intakes and Cardiovascular Risk Profiles in Childhood Cancer Survivors: The SCCSS-Nutrition Study. Nutrients, 12(1), p. 57. Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI 10.3390/nu12010057

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Risk of cardiovascular disease (CVD), common in childhood cancer survivors (CCSs), may be affected by diet. We assessed sodium (Na) and potassium (K) intake, estimated from food frequency questionnaires (FFQs) and morning urine spots, and its associations with cardiovascular risk in CCSs. We stratified CCSs into three risk profiles based on (A) personal history (CVD, CVD risk factors, or CVD risk-free), (B) body mass index (obese, overweight, or normal/underweight), and (C) cardiotoxic treatment (anthracyclines and/or chest irradiation, or neither). We obtained an FFQ from 802 and sent a spot urine sample collection kit to 212, of which 111 (52%) returned. We estimated Na intake 2.9 g/day based on spot urine and 2.8 g/day based on FFQ; the estimated K intake was 1.6 g/day (spot urine) and 2.7 g/day (FFQ). CCSs with CVD risk factors had a slightly higher Na intake (3.3 g/day), than CCSs risk free (2.9 g/day) or with CVD (2.7 g/day, p = 0.017), and obese participants had higher Na intake (4.2 g/day) than normal/underweight CCSs (2.7 g/day, p < 0.001). Daily Na intake was above, and daily K intake below, the national recommended levels. Adult survivors of childhood cancer need dietary assistance to reduce Na and increase K intake.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Social and Preventive Medicine (ISPM)
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Paediatric Medicine

Graduate School:

Graduate School for Cellular and Biomedical Sciences (GCB)

UniBE Contributor:

Belle, Fabien Naomi; Schindera, Christina and Kühni, Claudia

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology > 360 Social problems & social services

ISSN:

2072-6643

Publisher:

Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI

Funders:

[52] Cancer Research Switzerland

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

09 Jan 2020 15:07

Last Modified:

15 Apr 2020 15:04

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/nu12010057

PubMed ID:

31878342

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Europe Swiss Childhood Cancer Registry cardiovascular disease childhood cancer survivors diet food frequency questionnaire nutrition potassium sodium urine spot

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.137919

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/137919

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