How do visual-spatial and psychomotor abilities influence clinical performance in periodontal plastic surgery?

Burkhardt, Rino; Hämmerle, Christoph H F; Lang, Niklaus P. (2019). How do visual-spatial and psychomotor abilities influence clinical performance in periodontal plastic surgery? Journal of clinical periodontology, 46(1), pp. 72-85. Wiley 10.1111/jcpe.13028

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AIM We want to evaluate the relationship of self-assessed experience and proficiency, manual dexterity and visual-spatial ability with surgical performance. MATERIAL AND METHODS A total of 26 professionals were included in the study which consisted of four parts: (a) self-assessment by a questionnaire regarding proficiency and experience, (b) evaluation of visual-spatial ability, (c) testing of manual dexterity assessed by validated psychomotor tests and (d) evaluation of surgical performance by Objective Structured Assessment of Technical Skills (OSATS). RESULTS Self-assessed proficiency and experience levels did not correlate with objectively evaluated surgical performances (OSATS). However, low-level visual-spatial ability tests strongly correlated with OSATS while intermediate- and high-level tests did not. No correlation was found between psychomotor ability and clinical performance. CONCLUSIONS Self-assessed proficiency is not a good predictor for surgical performance as experts tend to be overconfident. To evaluate and predict surgical performance, visual-spatial ability tests seem to be more appropriate than measuring manual dexterity which failed to correlate with the surgical outcome.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > School of Dental Medicine > School of Dental Medicine, Research

UniBE Contributor:

Lang, Niklaus Peter

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0303-6979

Publisher:

Wiley

Language:

English

Submitter:

Doris Burri

Date Deposited:

29 Jan 2020 09:04

Last Modified:

29 Jan 2020 09:04

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jcpe.13028

PubMed ID:

30358900

Uncontrolled Keywords:

clinical performance periodontal surgery psychomotor ability skills evaluation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.138032

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/138032

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