Synthetic 3D PEG-Anisogel Tailored with Fibronectin Fragments Induce Aligned Nerve Extension.

Licht, Christopher; Rose, Jonas C; Anarkoli, Abdolrahman Omidinia; Blondel, Delphine; Roccio, Marta; Haraszti, Tamás; Gehlen, David B; Hubbell, Jeffrey A; Lutolf, Matthias P; De Laporte, Laura (2019). Synthetic 3D PEG-Anisogel Tailored with Fibronectin Fragments Induce Aligned Nerve Extension. Biomacromolecules, 20(11), pp. 4075-4087. American Chemical Society 10.1021/acs.biomac.9b00891

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An enzymatically cross-linked polyethylene glycol (PEG)-based hydrogel was engineered to promote and align nerve cells in a three-dimensional manner. To render the injectable, otherwise bioinert, PEG-based material supportive for cell growth, its mechanical and biochemical properties were optimized. A recombinant fibronectin fragment (FNIII9*-10/12-14) was coupled to the PEG backbone during gelation to provide cell adhesive and growth factor binding domains in close vicinity. Compared to full-length fibronectin, FNIII9*-10/12-14 supports nerve growth at similar concentrations. In a 3D environment, only the ultrasoft 1 w/v% PEG hydrogels with a storage modulus of ∼10 Pa promoted neuronal growth. This gel was used to establish the first fully synthetic, injectable Anisogel by the addition of magnetically aligned microelements, such as rod-shaped microgels or short fibers. The Anisogel led to linear neurite extension and represents a large step in the direction of clinical translation with the opportunity to treat acute spinal cord injuries.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > Forschungsbereich Mu50

UniBE Contributor:

Roccio, Marta

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1525-7797

Publisher:

American Chemical Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Stefan Weder

Date Deposited:

27 Jan 2020 14:15

Last Modified:

27 Jan 2020 14:24

Publisher DOI:

10.1021/acs.biomac.9b00891

PubMed ID:

31614080

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.138137

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/138137

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