Carbohydrate Intake in the Context of Exercise in People with Type 1 Diabetes.

Scott, Sam; Kempf, Patrick; Bally, Lia; Stettler, Christoph (2019). Carbohydrate Intake in the Context of Exercise in People with Type 1 Diabetes. Nutrients, 11(12) Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI 10.3390/nu11123017

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Although the benefits of regular exercise on cardiovascular risk factors are well established for people with type 1 diabetes (T1D), glycemic control remains a challenge during exercise. Carbohydrate consumption to fuel the exercise bout and/or for hypoglycemia prevention is an important cornerstone to maintain performance and avoid hypoglycemia. The main strategies pertinent to carbohydrate supplementation in the context of exercise cover three aspects: the amount of carbohydrates ingested (i.e., quantity in relation to demands to fuel exercise and avoid hypoglycemia), the timing of the intake (before, during and after the exercise, as well as circadian factors), and the quality of the carbohydrates (encompassing differing carbohydrate types, as well as the context within a meal and the associated macronutrients). The aim of this review is to comprehensively summarize the literature on carbohydrate intake in the context of exercise in people with T1D.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Endocrinology, Diabetology and Clinical Nutrition

UniBE Contributor:

Scott, Samuel Nathan; Kempf, Patrick; Bally, Lia Claudia and Stettler, Christoph

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2072-6643

Publisher:

Molecular Diversity Preservation International MDPI

Language:

English

Submitter:

Regula Maria Schneider

Date Deposited:

28 Jan 2020 08:49

Last Modified:

28 Jan 2020 08:49

Publisher DOI:

10.3390/nu11123017

PubMed ID:

31835538

Additional Information:

Lia Bally and Christoph Stettler share last authorship.

Uncontrolled Keywords:

carbohydrates exercise fructose glucose glycemic index glycogen hormones hypoglycemia insulin type 1 diabetes

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.138352

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/138352

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