Predicting the Position of the Hydrogen Atom in the Short Intramolecular Hydrogen Bond of the Hydrogen Maleate Anion from Geometric Correlations

Malaspina, Lorraine A.; Edwards, Alison J.; Woińska, Magdalena; Jayatilaka, Dylan; Turner, Michael J.; Price, Jason R.; Herbst-Irmer, Regine; Sugimoto, Kunihisa; Nishibori, Eiji; Grabowsky, Simon (2017). Predicting the Position of the Hydrogen Atom in the Short Intramolecular Hydrogen Bond of the Hydrogen Maleate Anion from Geometric Correlations. Crystal growth & design, 17(7), pp. 3812-3825. American Chemical Society 10.1021/acs.cgd.7b00390

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The position of the hydrogen atom inside the strong and short intramolecular hydrogen bond of the hydrogen maleate anion strongly varies depending on the crystalline environment. Therefore, it has not been possible in the past to accurately determine it using X-ray diffraction data although there are 292 hydrogen maleate crystal structures with different cations in the literature. In this study, a geometric correlation for the accurate prediction of the hydrogen position in the short intramolecular hydrogen bond is presented. The results used to derive the correlation are obtained from low-temperature neutron-diffraction studies on nine different hydrogen maleate salts that span the whole range from perfectly symmetric to highly asymmetric intramolecular hydrogen bonds. Since the only variable in the correlation as derived from the neutron data is the O···O distance, the hydrogen atom position in question can subsequently be predicted using information that is accurately available from routine X-ray data. The procedure is tested using high-resolution low-temperature synchrotron X-ray diffraction structures of the same compounds, before it is applied to X-ray data sets found in the literature in which the hydrogen atom position was not determined accurately or not determined at all, e.g., using a riding model.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Department of Chemistry, Biochemistry and Pharmaceutical Sciences (DCBP)

UniBE Contributor:

Malaspina, Lorraine, Grabowsky, Simon


500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry




American Chemical Society




Simon Grabowsky

Date Deposited:

05 Feb 2020 17:06

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:35

Publisher DOI:





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