Mental rotation of sequentially presented 3D figures: sex and sex hormones related differences in behavioural and ERP measures.

Griksiene, Ramune; Arnatkeviciute, Aurina; Monciunskaite, Rasa; König, Thomas; Ruksenas, Osvaldas (2019). Mental rotation of sequentially presented 3D figures: sex and sex hormones related differences in behavioural and ERP measures. Scientific reports, 9(1), p. 18843. Springer Nature 10.1038/s41598-019-55433-y

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Mental rotation of 3D objects demonstrates one of the largest sex differences. We investigated sex and sex hormones-related differences in behaviour and event related potentials (ERP) using a modified Shepard and Metzler task composed of sequentially presented 3D figures in 29 men and 32 women. We demonstrated a significant increase in response time and decrease in both accuracy and positivity of the parietal ERP with increasing angular disparity between the figures. Higher angular disparity evoked an increase of global field power (GFP) from 270 to 460 ms and different activation topographies from 470 to 583 ms with lower parietal, but higher left frontal positivity. Flatter slopes in higher angular disparity condition suggest distinct strategies being implemented depending on the difficulty of the rotation. Men performed the task more accurately than women. Performance accuracy in women tended to be negatively related to estradiol while the response time tended to increase with increasing progesterone. There were no associations with testosterone. Women demonstrated higher GFP and an increased positivity over the parietal scalp area, while men showed higher activation in the left frontal cortex. Together these findings indicate dynamic angular disparity- and sex-related differences in brain activity during mental rotation of 3D figures.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > University Psychiatric Services > University Hospital of Psychiatry and Psychotherapy > Translational Research Center

UniBE Contributor:

König, Thomas

ISSN:

2045-2322

Publisher:

Springer Nature

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Stettler

Date Deposited:

13 Jan 2020 15:10

Last Modified:

19 Jan 2020 02:50

Publisher DOI:

10.1038/s41598-019-55433-y

PubMed ID:

31827215

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.138760

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/138760

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