An immersed boundary method for fluid-structure interaction based on variational transfer

Nestola, Maria Giuseppina Chiara; Becsek, Barna; Zolfaghari, Hadi; Zulian, Patrick; De Marinis, Dario; Krause, Rolf; Obrist, Dominik (2019). An immersed boundary method for fluid-structure interaction based on variational transfer. Journal of computational physics, 398, p. 108884. Elsevier 10.1016/

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We present a novel framework inspired by the Immersed Boundary Method for predicting the fluid-structure interaction of complex structures immersed in laminar, transitional and turbulent flows.
The key elements of the proposed fluid-structure interaction framework are 1) the solution of elastodynamics equations for the structure, 2) the use of a high-order Navier–Stokes solver for the flow, and 3) the variational transfer (L 2 -projection) for coupling the solid and fluid subproblems.
The dynamic behavior of a deformable structure is simulated in a finite element framework by adopting a fully implicit scheme for its temporal integration. It allows for mechanical constitutive laws including inhomogeneous and fiber-reinforced materials. The Navier–Stokes equations for the incompressible flow are discretized with high-order finite differences which allow for the direct numerical simulation of laminar, transitional and turbulent flows.
The structure and the flow solvers are coupled by using an L 2 -projection method for the transfer of velocities and forces between the fluid grid and the solid mesh. This strategy allows for the numerical solution of coupled large scale problems based on nonconforming structured and unstructured grids. The transfer between fluid and solid limits the convergence order of the flow solver close to the fluid-solid interface.
The framework is validated with the Turek–Hron benchmark and a newly proposed benchmark modeling the flow-induced oscillation of an inert plate. A three-dimensional simulation of an elastic beam in transitional flow is provided to show the solver’s capability of coping with anisotropic elastic structures immersed in complex fluid flow.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


10 Strategic Research Centers > ARTORG Center for Biomedical Engineering Research > ARTORG Center - Cardiovascular Engineering (CVE)

UniBE Contributor:

Becsek, Barna Errol Mario, Zolfaghari, Hadi, De Marinis, Dario, Obrist, Dominik


600 Technology > 620 Engineering








Dario De Marinis

Date Deposited:

06 Feb 2020 16:20

Last Modified:

05 Dec 2022 15:35

Publisher DOI:





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