Reduced Leaflet Motion after Transcatheter Aortic-Valve Replacement.

De Backer, Ole; Dangas, George D; Jilaihawi, Hasan; Leipsic, Jonathon A; Terkelsen, Christian J; Makkar, Raj; Kini, Annapoorna S; Veien, Karsten T; Abdel-Wahab, Mohamed; Kim, Won-Keun; Balan, Prakash; Van Mieghem, Nicolas; Mathiassen, Ole N; Jeger, Raban V; Arnold, Martin; Mehran, Roxana; Guimarães, Ana H C; Nørgaard, Bjarne L; Kofoed, Klaus F; Blanke, Philipp; ... (2020). Reduced Leaflet Motion after Transcatheter Aortic-Valve Replacement. The New England journal of medicine, 382(2), pp. 130-139. Massachusetts Medical Society 10.1056/NEJMoa1911426

[img]
Preview
Text
Reduced Leaflet Motion after Transcatheter Aortic Valve Replacement.pdf - Published Version
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (846kB) | Preview

BACKGROUND

Subclinical leaflet thickening and reduced leaflet motion of bioprosthetic aortic valves have been documented by four-dimensional computed tomography (CT). Whether anticoagulation can reduce these phenomena after transcatheter aortic-valve replacement (TAVR) is not known.

METHODS

In a substudy of a large randomized trial, we randomly assigned patients who had undergone successful TAVR and who did not have an indication for long-term anticoagulation to a rivaroxaban-based antithrombotic strategy (rivaroxaban [10 mg] plus aspirin [75 to 100 mg] once daily) or an antiplatelet-based strategy (clopidogrel [75 mg] plus aspirin [75 to 100 mg] once daily). Patients underwent evaluation by four-dimensional CT at a mean (±SD) of 90±15 days after randomization. The primary end point was the percentage of patients with at least one prosthetic valve leaflet with grade 3 or higher motion reduction (i.e., involving >50% of the leaflet). Leaflet thickening was also assessed.

RESULTS

A total of 231 patients were enrolled. At least one prosthetic valve leaflet with grade 3 or higher motion reduction was found in 2 of 97 patients (2.1%) who had scans that could be evaluated in the rivaroxaban group, as compared with 11 of 101 (10.9%) in the antiplatelet group (difference, -8.8 percentage points; 95% confidence interval [CI], -16.5 to -1.9; P = 0.01). Thickening of at least one leaflet was observed in 12 of 97 patients (12.4%) in the rivaroxaban group and in 33 of 102 (32.4%) in the antiplatelet group (difference, -20.0 percentage points; 95% CI, -30.9 to -8.5). In the main trial, the risk of death or thromboembolic events and the risk of life-threatening, disabling, or major bleeding were higher with rivaroxaban (hazard ratios of 1.35 and 1.50, respectively).

CONCLUSIONS

In a substudy of a trial involving patients without an indication for long-term anticoagulation who had undergone successful TAVR, a rivaroxaban-based antithrombotic strategy was more effective than an antiplatelet-based strategy in preventing subclinical leaflet-motion abnormalities. However, in the main trial, the rivaroxaban-based strategy was associated with a higher risk of death or thromboembolic complications and a higher risk of bleeding than the antiplatelet-based strategy. (Funded by Bayer; GALILEO-4D ClinicalTrials.gov number, NCT02833948.).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1533-4406

Publisher:

Massachusetts Medical Society

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nadia Biscozzo

Date Deposited:

10 Feb 2020 12:48

Last Modified:

01 Aug 2020 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1056/NEJMoa1911426

PubMed ID:

31733182

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.139046

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/139046

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback