Ascertainment of Silent Myocardial Infarction in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (from the GLOBAL LEADERS Trial).

Chang, Chun Chin; Spitzer, Ernest; Chichareon, Ply; Takahashi, Kuniaki; Modolo, Rodrigo; Kogame, Norihiro; Tomaniak, Mariusz; Komiyama, Hidenori; Yap, Sing-Chien; Hoole, Stephen P; Gori, Tommaso; Zaman, Azfar; Frey, Bernhard; Ferreira, Rui Cruz; Bertrand, Olivier F; Koh, Tian Hai; Sousa, Amanda; Moschovitis, Aris; van Geuns, Robert-Jan; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; ... (2019). Ascertainment of Silent Myocardial Infarction in Patients Undergoing Percutaneous Coronary Intervention (from the GLOBAL LEADERS Trial). The American journal of cardiology, 124(12), pp. 1833-1840. Elsevier 10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.08.049

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Q-wave myocardial infarction (QWMI) comprises 2 entities. First, a clinically evident MI, which can occur spontaneously or be related to a coronary procedure. Second, silent MI which is incidentally detected on serial electrocardiographic (ECG) assessment. The prevalence of silent MI after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI) in the drug-eluting stent era has not been fully investigated. The GLOBAL LEADERS is an all-comers multicenter trial which randomized 15,991 patients who underwent PCI to 2 antiplatelet treatment strategies. The primary end point was a composite of all-cause death or nonfatal new QWMI at 2-years follow-up. ECGs were collected at discharge, 3-month and 2-year visits, and analyzed by an independent ECG core laboratory following the Minnesota code. All new QWMI were further reviewed by a blinded independent cardiologist to identify a potential clinical correlate by reviewing clinical information. Of 15,968 participants, ECG information was complete in 14,829 (92.9%) at 2 years. A new QWMI was confirmed in 186 (1.16%) patients. Transient new Q-waves were observed in 28.5% (53 of 186) of them during the follow-up. The majority of new QWMI (78%, 146 of 186) were classified as silent MI due to the absence of a clinical correlate. Silent MI accounted for 22.1% (146 of 660) of all MI events. The prevalence of silent MI did not differ significantly between treatment strategies (experimental vs reference: 0.88% vs 0.98%, p = 0.5027). In conclusion, we document the prevalence of silent MI in an all-comers population undergoing PCI in this large-scale randomized trial.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Valgimigli, Marco and Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1879-1913

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nadia Biscozzo

Date Deposited:

10 Feb 2020 10:40

Last Modified:

10 Feb 2020 10:40

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.amjcard.2019.08.049

PubMed ID:

31648781

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.139058

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/139058

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