Benefit and Risks of Aspirin in Addition to Ticagrelor in Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Randomized GLOBAL LEADERS Trial.

Tomaniak, Mariusz; Chichareon, Ply; Onuma, Yoshinobu; Deliargyris, Efthymios N; Takahashi, Kuniaki; Kogame, Norihiro; Modolo, Rodrigo; Chang, Chun Ching; Rademaker-Havinga, Tessa; Storey, Robert F; Dangas, George D; Bhatt, Deepak L; Angiolillo, Dominick J; Hamm, Christian; Valgimigli, Marco; Windecker, Stephan; Steg, Philippe Gabriel; Vranckx, Pascal; Serruys, Patrick W (2019). Benefit and Risks of Aspirin in Addition to Ticagrelor in Acute Coronary Syndromes: A Post Hoc Analysis of the Randomized GLOBAL LEADERS Trial. JAMA cardiology, 4(11), pp. 1092-1101. American Medical Association 10.1001/jamacardio.2019.3355

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Importance The role of aspirin as part of antiplatelet regimens in acute coronary syndromes (ACS) needs to be clarified in the context of newer potent P2Y12 antagonists. Objective To evaluate the benefit and risks of aspirin in addition to ticagrelor among patients with ACS beyond 1 month after percutaneous coronary intervention (PCI). Design, Setting, and Participants This is a nonprespecified, post hoc analysis of GLOBAL LEADERS, a randomized, open-label superiority trial comparing 2 antiplatelet treatment strategies after PCI. The trial included 130 secondary/tertiary care hospitals in different countries, with 15 991 unselected patients with stable coronary artery disease or ACS undergoing PCI. Patients had outpatient visits at 1, 3, 6, 12, 18, and 24 months after index procedure. Interventions The experimental group received aspirin plus ticagrelor for 1 month followed by 23-month ticagrelor monotherapy; the reference group received aspirin plus either clopidogrel (stable coronary artery disease) or ticagrelor (ACS) for 12 months, followed by 12-month aspirin monotherapy. In this analysis, we examined the clinical outcomes occurring between 31 days and 365 days after randomization, specifically in patients with ACS who, within this time frame, were assigned to receive either ticagrelor alone or ticagrelor and aspirin. Main Outcomes and Measures The primary outcome was the composite of all-cause death or new Q-wave myocardial infarction. Results Of 15 968 participants, there were 7487 patients with ACS enrolled; 3750 patients were assigned to the experimental group and 3737 patients to the reference group. Between 31 and 365 days after randomization, the primary outcome occurred in 55 patients (1.5%) in the experimental group and in 75 patients (2.0%) in the reference group (hazard ratio [HR], 0.73; 95% CI, 0.51-1.03; P = .07); investigator-reported Bleeding Academic Research Consortium-defined bleeding type 3 or 5 occurred in 28 patients (0.8%) in the experimental group and in 54 patients (1.5%) in the reference arm (HR, 0.52; 95% CI, 0.33-0.81; P = .004). Conclusions and Relevance Between 1 month and 12 months after PCI in ACS, aspirin was associated with increased bleeding risk and appeared not to add to the benefit of ticagrelor on ischemic events. These findings should be interpreted as exploratory and hypothesis generating; however, they pave the way for further trials evaluating aspirin-free antiplatelet strategies after PCI. Trial Registration ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01813435.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Cardiovascular Disorders (DHGE) > Clinic of Cardiology

UniBE Contributor:

Valgimigli, Marco and Windecker, Stephan

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2380-6583

Publisher:

American Medical Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nadia Biscozzo

Date Deposited:

11 Feb 2020 06:20

Last Modified:

21 May 2020 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1001/jamacardio.2019.3355

PubMed ID:

31557763

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.139073

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/139073

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