A Mg(OH)2 coprecipitation method for determining chromium speciation and isotopic composition in seawater

Davidson, Ashley; Semeniuk, David M.; Koh, Jamsin; Holmden, Chris; Jaccard, Samuel L.; Francois, Roger; Crowe, Sean A. (2020). A Mg(OH)2 coprecipitation method for determining chromium speciation and isotopic composition in seawater. Limnology and oceanography: methods, 18(1), pp. 8-19. Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography 10.1002/lom3.10342

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Chromium (Cr) stable isotopes have emerged as a powerful tool for tracking environmental redox transfor- mations. This is because Cr isotopes are fractionated during redox reactions between Cr(III) and Cr(VI). In order to fully exploit the information recorded within Cr isotope compositions, we must be able to track changes in Cr speciation throughout the environment and, in particular, the changes in speciation between input to the ocean and eventual deposition in sediments. We must also be able to access the isotope compositions of each Cr species, rather than only total dissolved Cr. We have thus developed a magnesium hydroxide coprecipitation method that meets these objectives. This method achieves complete recovery and has a typical precision on concentration measurements of !8% (1σ). It was tested using seawater collected from Saanich Inlet, a persis- tently anoxic fjord on the Pacific coast of Canada. Chromium speciation profiles and proof-of-concept isotope ratio measurements on selected samples indicate that isotopically lighter Cr(III) can be isolated from coexisting isotopically heavier Cr(VI), effectively resolving species-specific Cr isotope compositions. While the oxygenated surface waters of Saanich Inlet follow the generally observed correlation between seawater Cr concentration and its isotopic composition, seawater from anoxic depths diverges from this array, indicating that different pro- cesses are responsible for setting the isotope composition of these deeper waters. Broader application of Mg(OH)2 coprecipitation has strong potential to yield new insights into the fractionation of Cr isotopes in the oceans and the pathways that ultimately set the Cr isotopic composition of marine sediments and sedimentary archives.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences

UniBE Contributor:

Semeniuk, David and Jaccard, Samuel

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

1541-5856

Publisher:

Association for the Sciences of Limnology and Oceanography

Language:

English

Submitter:

Samuel Jaccard

Date Deposited:

30 Jan 2020 11:02

Last Modified:

30 Jan 2020 11:02

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/lom3.10342

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.139258

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/139258

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