Acute hyperkalaemia in a captive Persian leopard ( Panthera pardus saxicolor ) immobilised with a ketamine-medetomidine combination

Dìez Bernal, Sabina; Hoby, Stefan; Levionnois, Olivier (2019). Acute hyperkalaemia in a captive Persian leopard ( Panthera pardus saxicolor ) immobilised with a ketamine-medetomidine combination. Veterinary Record Case Reports, 7(1), e000755. British Veterinary Association 10.1136/vetreccr-2018-000755

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A 12-year-old captive male Persian leopard (Panthera pardus saxicolor) required general anaesthesia for examination and treatment of a recurrent oral fistula. Medetomidine (0.065 mg/kg) and ketamine (3.6 mg/kg) administered intramuscularly by blowpipe darting effectively immobilised the animal that was maintained under general anaesthesia with inhaled isoflurane. In absence of clinical signs, acute hyperkalaemia (7.26 mmol/l) was incidentally recognised by the end of anaesthesia. Factors that might have played a role in hyperkalaemia development, such as the use of α2-adrenoceptor agonists, stress response, acidosis or dopamine administration, are discussed. Hyperkalaemia should be considered as a potential complication while anaesthetising large non-domestic felids.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Further Contribution)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Veterinary Medicine (DKV) > DKV - Anaesthesiology

UniBE Contributor:

Dìez Bernal, Sabina and Levionnois, Olivier

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2052-6121

Publisher:

British Veterinary Association

Language:

English

Submitter:

Claudia Spadavecchia

Date Deposited:

04 Feb 2020 12:22

Last Modified:

09 Feb 2020 02:46

Publisher DOI:

10.1136/vetreccr-2018-000755

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.139354

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/139354

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