The Alliance-Outcome Relation in Internet-Based Interventions for Psychological Disorders: A Correlational Meta-Analysis

Probst, Greta Helene; Berger, Thomas; Flückiger, Christoph (2019). The Alliance-Outcome Relation in Internet-Based Interventions for Psychological Disorders: A Correlational Meta-Analysis. Verhaltenstherapie, pp. 1-12. Karger 10.1159/000503432

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Background: The alliance between therapists and patients is one of the most investigated factors of psychotherapy and a robust predictor of treatment outcome in face-to-face in- terventions. The implementation of internet-based inter- ventions for psychological disorders has become more and more relevant over the past years, particularly in European countries. Regarding the relevance of the alliance for thera- py outcome in internet-based interventions, mixed results are reported. The present correlative meta-analysis system- atically summarizes the relation between alliance and ther- apy outcome in internet-based interventions for psycholog- ical disorders. Methods: Based on a systematic search, we detected 18 internet-based studies with 23 independent samples (1,177 participants). Results: The omnibus revealed a moderate effect of r = 0.252, p < 0.001, 95% CI [0.19, 0.31]. The analyses of the subscales indicated that the task compo- nent (r = 0.28) was slightly more predictive than the bond component (rbond = 0.16; QM(3) = 26.85, p < 0.001). None of the investigated moderators indicated significance. Discus- sion: This meta-analysis underlines the assumption that the alliance is a robust facilitative factor across mental health treatments.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Clinical Psychology and Psychotherapy

UniBE Contributor:

Berger, Thomas and Flückiger, Christoph


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health








Melanie Best

Date Deposited:

29 Jan 2020 15:04

Last Modified:

30 Mar 2020 14:34

Publisher DOI:





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