Environmental determinism and archaeology. Understanding and evaluating determinism in research design

Arponen, Vesa; Dörfler, Walter; Feeser, Ingo; Grimm, Sonja; Groß, Daniel; Hinz, Martin; Knitter, Daniel; Müller-Scheeßel, Nils; Ott, Konrad; Ribeiro, Artur (2019). Environmental determinism and archaeology. Understanding and evaluating determinism in research design. Archaeological Dialogues, 26(1), pp. 1-9. Cambridge University Press 10.1017/S1380203819000059

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With the emergence of modern techniques of environmental analysis and widespread availability of accessible tools and quantitative data, the question of environmental determinism is once again on the agenda. This paper is theoretical in character, attempting, for the benefit of drawing up research designs, to understand and evaluate the character of environmental determinism. We reach three main conclusions: (1) in a typical pattern of research design, studies seek to detect simultaneous shifts in the environmental and archaeological records, variously positing the former to have influenced, triggered or caused the latter; (2) the question of determinism involves uncertainty about the justification for the above research design in particular in what comes to biologism and the concept of environmental thresholds on the one hand and the externality of the drivers of transformation in human groups and societies on the other; (3) adapting the concepts of the social production of vulnerability and the social basis of hazards from anthropology may help to clarify the available research design choices at hand.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Pre- and Early History

UniBE Contributor:

Hinz, Martin

Subjects:

900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISSN:

1380-2038

Publisher:

Cambridge University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Martin Hinz

Date Deposited:

30 Mar 2020 09:22

Last Modified:

30 Mar 2020 10:28

Publisher DOI:

10.1017/S1380203819000059

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.139649

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/139649

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