Clonality of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in swine farms from Brazil.

Balestrin, Eder; Kuhnert, Peter; Wolf, Jonas Michel; Wolf, Lucas Michel; Fonseca, André Salvador Kazantzi; Ikuta, Nilo; Lunge, Vagner Ricardo; Siqueira, Franciele Maboni (2019). Clonality of Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae in swine farms from Brazil. Veterinary microbiology, 238, p. 108434. Elsevier 10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.108434

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Mycoplasma hyopneumoniae causes enzootic pneumonia (EP) in swine, a disease related to high economic losses in production systems. Epidemiological spread of M. hyopneumoniae clones was studied by multi-locus sequence typing (MLST) in several swine production regions but so far not in South America. Using MLST, we have therefore investigated M. hyopneumoniae clones circulating in farms from three main swine production regions in Brazil. Porcine lungs samples were collected between 2015 and 2016 in farms with EP outbreaks. Three geographically distant regions were selected, and 67 M. hyopneumoniae positive samples, each one from a different farm, were included in the study. The occurrence of five sequence types (ST) was demonstrated and the majority of the samples were identified as ST-69 (n = 60; 89.5%), followed by ST-70 (n = 3; 4.5%), ST-123 (n = 2; 3%), ST-124 (n = 1; 1.5%) and ST-127 (n = 1; 1.5%). There was no association of any specific ST with region or production system. The five STs were all new ones, probably representing unique Brazilian clones. ST-69 and ST-70 on one side and ST-123 and ST-124 on the other side are phylogenetically close, while ST-127 is singleton. In conclusion, our results showed a low variability and high clonality of M. hyopneumoniae genotypes from Brazilian farms affected by EP.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Host-Pathogen Interaction
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP)
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Veterinary Bacteriology

UniBE Contributor:

Kuhnert, Peter

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0378-1135

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Kuhnert-Ryser

Date Deposited:

14 Feb 2020 08:14

Last Modified:

16 Feb 2020 02:49

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.vetmic.2019.108434

PubMed ID:

31648728

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Enzootic pneumonia Epidemiology Genotyping Multi-locus sequence typing

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.139744

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/139744

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