Impact of internal target volume definition for pencil beam scanned proton treatment planning in the presence of respiratory motion variability for lung cancer: A proof of concept.

Krieger, Miriam; Giger, Alina; Salomir, Rares; Bieri, Oliver; Celicanin, Zarko; Cattin, Philippe C; Lomax, Antony J; Weber, Damien C.; Zhang, Ye (2020). Impact of internal target volume definition for pencil beam scanned proton treatment planning in the presence of respiratory motion variability for lung cancer: A proof of concept. Radiotherapy and oncology, 145, pp. 154-161. Elsevier 10.1016/j.radonc.2019.12.001

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PURPOSE Motion management is crucial in scanned proton therapy for mobile tumours. Current motion mitigation approaches rely on single 4DCTs before treatment, ignoring respiratory variability. We investigate the consequences of respiratory variations on internal target volumes (ITV) definition and motion mitigation efficacy, and propose a probabilistic ITV based on 4DMRI. MATERIALS AND METHODS Four 4DCT(MRI) datasets, each containing 40 variable cycles of synthetic 4DCTs, were generated by warping single-phase CTs of two lung patients with motion fields extracted from two 4DMRI datasets. Two-field proton treatment plans were optimised on ITVs based on different parts of the 4DCT(MRI)s. 4D dose distributions were calculated by considering variable respiratory patterns. Different probabilistic ITVs were created by incorporating the voxels covered by the CTV in at least 25%, 50%, or 75% (ITV25, ITV50, ITV75) of the cycles, and compared with the conservative ITV encompassing all possible CTV positions. RESULTS Depending on the selected planning 4DCT, ITV volumes vary up to 20%, resulting in significant variation in CTV coverage for 4D treatments. Target coverage and homogeneity improved with the conservative ITV, but was associated with significantly increased lung dose (~1%). ITV25 and ITV50 led to acceptable plan quality in most cases without lung dose increments. ITV75 best minimised lung dose, but was insufficient to ensure coverage under all motion scenarios. CONCLUSION Irregular respiration significantly affects CTV coverage when ITVs are only defined by single 4DCTs. A probabilistic ITV50 provides an adequate compromise between target coverage and lung dose for most motion and patient scenarios investigated.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Weber, Damien Charles

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0167-8140

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

18 Feb 2020 14:44

Last Modified:

18 Feb 2020 14:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.radonc.2019.12.001

PubMed ID:

32007759

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Internal target volume Lung cancer Motion variability Pencil beam scanning Probabilistic planning Proton therapy

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.140282

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/140282

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