Eye tracking as a debriefing tool in upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) for general aviation pilots

Ryffel, Chiara P.; Muehlethaler, Celine M.; Huber, Sandro M.; Elfering, Achim (2019). Eye tracking as a debriefing tool in upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) for general aviation pilots. Ergonomics, 62(2), pp. 319-329. Taylor & Francis 10.1080/00140139.2018.1501093

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Upset prevention and recovery training (UPRT) is intended to improve the ability of pilots to recognize and avoid situations that can lead to airplane upsets and to improve their ability to recover control of an airplane that has exceeded the normal flight envelope. To this end, a set of different training contents - from theoretical knowledge of aerodynamics and human factors to practice-based flight training - is necessary. In order to support the debriefing with an objective feedback, and because visual scanning is a core competence, two studies on subjective evaluation of aviation pilots - one conducted in a flight simulator and the other one in-flight - focussed on the practical application of eye tracking as a debriefing tool in UPRT. From a practitioner's perspective, eye tracking appeared to be a useful method in terms of visualising instrument scanning techniques, supporting the instructor with objective debriefing material and fostering self-awareness in human processes. The discussion recommends adjusted UPRT instructor training and further improvements to eye tracking hardware and software. Practitioner Summary: The article focuses on pilot evaluations of eye tracking as a debriefing tool in UPRT and the identification of critical elements in its use. Eye tracking is a promising debriefing tool for UPRT. The discussion points to desirable improvements of eye tracking hardware and software as well as adjustments to instructor training that are pertinent.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Elfering, Achim


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology




Taylor & Francis




Christine Soltermann

Date Deposited:

17 Feb 2020 12:42

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:33

Publisher DOI:


PubMed ID:


Uncontrolled Keywords:

Aviation debriefing eye tracking feedback tool recovery training upset prevention



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