Appreciation by supervisors buffers the impact of work interruptions on well-being longitudinally.

Stocker, Désirée; Keller, Anita C.; Meier, Laurenz L.; Elfering, Achim; Pfister, Isabel B.; Jacobshagen, Nicola; Semmer-Tschan, Norbert (2019). Appreciation by supervisors buffers the impact of work interruptions on well-being longitudinally. International journal of stress management, 26(4), pp. 331-343. American Psychological Association 10.1037/str0000111

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This study analyzed the effects of work interruptions as a stressor and appreciation of employees by supervisors as a resource with regard to four parameters of well-being, postulating main effects and interactions. Using latent moderated structural equation modeling, we analyzed longitudinal data on 208 employees at seven different companies who completed an online questionnaire twice. There were no main effects; however, the interactions between work interruptions and appreciation by supervisors were significant, and in the expected direction. Appreciation by supervisors moderated the effects of interruptions on the four parameters of employees’ well-being: job satisfaction, self-efficacy, job-related depressive mood, and sleep problems. These results held after accounting for conceptually relevant control variables, namely, time pressure, job control, and social support by supervisors. There were no indications for reversed effects. The findings underscore the importance of contextual factors like appreciative leader behavior for handling difficult situations such as work interruptions and thus confirm the potential of feeling appreciated at work as a protective resource in stressful work situations.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Elfering, Achim, Jacobshagen, Nicola, Semmer, Norbert Karl


100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology




American Psychological Association




Christine Soltermann

Date Deposited:

17 Feb 2020 13:43

Last Modified:

02 Mar 2023 23:33

Publisher DOI:



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