[Use of antibiotics in Swiss piglet production and fattening farms].

Hartmann, S.; Riklin, A.; Müntener, C. R.; Schüpbach-Regula, G.; Nathues, C.; Sidler, X. (2019). [Use of antibiotics in Swiss piglet production and fattening farms]. Schweizer Archiv für Tierheilkunde, 161(12), pp. 797-808. Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte 10.17236/sat00236

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INTRODUCTION In 164 randomly selected Swiss piglet production farms and 101 fattening farms, the indication for antibiotic use in 2012/2013 was recorded and an animal treatment index (TBI) was calculated for each age group. Sows were treated on average 0.9 days per year mainly due to mastitis-metritis-agalactia (MMA). Suckling piglets were treated on average 0.5 days per production cycle, mainly due to diarrhea and polyarthritis. Weaned piglets were treated during 4.4 days, especially due to diarrhea, polyarthritis and wasting. In fattening pigs, treatments were mainly due to diarrhea and HPS-suspicion, and lasted on average 4.8 days. In sows, antibiotics were used prophylactically on 22.6% of the treatment days, in suckling piglets on 50.5%, in weaners on 86.1% and in fattening pigs on 79.0% of the treatment days. A prophylactic oral antibiotic group therapy did not have a significant positive effect on daily weight gain of fattening pigs, nor was it able to reduce the number of individual or group therapies. In farms with prophylactic oral group therapy, the mortality rate during the first two fattening weeks even tended to be higher (p=0.06) than in farms without oral group therapy. Highest priority critically important antibiotics were used in 22.6% of all treatment days in sows, in 37.5% in suckling piglets, in 17.2% in weaned piglets and in 27.3% in fattening pigs. In many farms, antibiotics were not prescribed and used according to the rules of "prudent use".

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Veterinary Public Health / Herd Health Management
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH) > Veterinary Public Health Institute
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Clinical Research and Veterinary Public Health (DCR-VPH)

UniBE Contributor:

Schüpbach, Gertraud Irene

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1664-2848

Publisher:

Gesellschaft Schweizer Tierärztinnen und Tierärzte

Language:

German

Submitter:

Susanne Agnes Lerch

Date Deposited:

14 Feb 2020 10:53

Last Modified:

14 Feb 2020 11:01

Publisher DOI:

10.17236/sat00236

PubMed ID:

31782734

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Antibiotic consumption Antibiotikaeinsatz Indikation Schweineproduktion Tierbehandlungsindex Uso di antibiotici Utilisation d’antibiotiques indication indicazione indice de traitement indice di trattamento pig production production porcine produzione suina prudent use treatment index uso prudente utilisation prudente „prudent use“

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.140386

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/140386

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