Structural plasticity of spines at giant mossy fiber synapses

Zhao, Shanting; Studer, Daniel; Chai, Xuejun; Graber, Werner; Brose, Nils; Nestel, Sigrun; Young, Christina; Rodriguez, E Patricia; Saetzler, Kurt; Frotscher, Michael (2012). Structural plasticity of spines at giant mossy fiber synapses. Frontiers in neural circuits, 6, p. 103. Lausanne: Frontiers Research Foundation 10.3389/fncir.2012.00103

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The granule cells of the dentate gyrus give rise to thin unmyelinated axons, the mossy fibers. They form giant presynaptic boutons impinging on large complex spines on the proximal dendritic portions of hilar mossy cells and CA3 pyramidal neurons. While these anatomical characteristics have been known for some time, it remained unclear whether functional changes at mossy fiber synapses such as long-term potentiation (LTP) are associated with structural changes. Since subtle structural changes may escape a fine-structural analysis when the tissue is fixed by using aldehydes and is dehydrated in ethanol, rapid high-pressure freezing (HPF) of the tissue was applied. Slice cultures of hippocampus were prepared and incubated in vitro for 2 weeks. Then, chemical LTP (cLTP) was induced by the application of 25 mM tetraethylammonium (TEA) for 10 min. Whole-cell patch-clamp recordings from CA3 pyramidal neurons revealed a highly significant potentiation of mossy fiber synapses when compared to control conditions before the application of TEA. Next, the slice cultures were subjected to HPF, cryosubstitution, and embedding in Epon for a fine-structural analysis. When compared to control tissue, we noticed a significant decrease of synaptic vesicles in mossy fiber boutons and a concomitant increase in the length of the presynaptic membrane. On the postsynaptic side, we observed the formation of small, finger-like protrusions, emanating from the large complex spines. These short protrusions gave rise to active zones that were shorter than those normally found on the thorny excrescences. However, the total number of active zones was significantly increased. Of note, none of these cLTP-induced structural changes was observed in slice cultures from Munc13-1 deficient mouse mutants showing severely impaired vesicle priming and docking. In conclusion, application of HPF allowed us to monitor cLTP-induced structural reorganization of mossy fiber synapses.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > Institute of Anatomy

UniBE Contributor:

Studer, Daniel Franz and Graber, Werner Adrian

ISSN:

1662-5110

Publisher:

Frontiers Research Foundation

Language:

English

Submitter:

Factscience Import

Date Deposited:

04 Oct 2013 14:35

Last Modified:

08 Jun 2016 10:31

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fncir.2012.00103

PubMed ID:

23264762

Web of Science ID:

000312491600001

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.14063

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/14063 (FactScience: 220867)

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