Development and comparative evaluation of different LAMP and PCR assays for coprological diagnosis of feline tritrichomonosis.

Dabrowska, Joanna; Karamon, Jacek; Kochanowski, Maciej; Gottstein, Bruno; Cencek, Tomasz; Frey, Caroline F.; Müller, Norbert (2019). Development and comparative evaluation of different LAMP and PCR assays for coprological diagnosis of feline tritrichomonosis. Veterinary parasitology, 273, pp. 17-23. Elsevier 10.1016/j.vetpar.2019.07.014

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The protozoan parasite Tritrichomonas foetus may cause severe diarrhea in cats all over the world. In order to evaluate the methodology in coprological molecular diagnosis of feline tritrichomonosis, we compared previously published ("old") and newly developed ("novel") loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP) (targeted to the T. foetus β-tubulin and the elf1α 1 gene, respectively) as well as an old conventional and an old and novel real-time PCR (all targeted to overlapping regions of T. foetus rDNA) assays regarding their diagnostic sensitivities and specificities. Here, the novel real-time PCR yielded the best methodical performance in that a sensitivity with a detection limit of <0.1 trophozoites (corresponding to ca.<0.13 trophozoites per mg feces) and a maximal specificity for diagnosis of Tritrichomonas spp. was achieved. The other test systems exhibited either an approximately 10-times lower sensitivity (<1 trophozoite corresponding to ca.<1.3 trophozoites per mg feces) (conventional PCR and both LAMP assays) or a lower specificity (old real-time PCR). Conversely, the diagnostic performance assessed with clinical fecal samples from cats demonstrated identical sensitivities (8 of 20 samples tested were positive) for the novel PCR and both LAMP assays. Diagnostic sensitivities were significantly higher than those found for the old real-time (5 positive samples) and conventional PCR (6 positive samples), respectively. Accordingly, our data suggested the novel PCR and both LAMP assays to be well suited molecular tools for direct (i.e. without including an in vitro cultivation step) coprological diagnosis of tritrichomonosis in cats. Interestingly, relative high (novel LAMP, 7 positive samples) to at least moderate (old LAMP, 6 positive samples and 1 sample with equivocal score) diagnostic sensitivities were also achieved by testing clinical samples upon simple visual inspection of colorimetric changes during the LAMP amplification reactions. Accordingly, both LAMP assays may serve as practical molecular tools to perform epidemiological studies on feline (and bovine as well as porcine) tritrichomonosis under simple laboratory conditions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Institute of Parasitology

UniBE Contributor:

Gottstein, Bruno; Frey Marreros Canales, Caroline and Müller, Norbert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

0304-4017

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] University of Bern

Language:

English

Submitter:

Caroline Franziska Frey Marreros Canales

Date Deposited:

28 Feb 2020 14:10

Last Modified:

28 Feb 2020 14:10

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.vetpar.2019.07.014

PubMed ID:

31442888

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Tritrichomonas foetus Tritrichomonosis Coprology LAMP Conventional PCR Real-time PCR

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.141029

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141029

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