Calling as a double-edged sword for work-nonwork enrichment and conflict among older workers

Hirschi, Andreas; Keller, Anita C.; Spurk, Daniel (2019). Calling as a double-edged sword for work-nonwork enrichment and conflict among older workers. Journal of vocational behavior, 114, pp. 100-111. Elsevier 10.1016/j.jvb.2019.02.004

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Having a calling has been linked to various positive outcomes, but the potential negative effects of having a calling have not yet received comparable attention. Moreover, research thus far has neglected to examine how callings affect the work–nonwork interface. Based on the work–home resources model, and work–family enrichment theory, we presumed that having a calling can increase as well as deplete personal resources at work, which, in turn, promote work–nonwork enrichment and conflict among older workers. We investigated these assumptions among 599 employees, aged between 50 and 60 years, by examining within-individual changes in presence of calling, positive affect at work, workaholism, work–nonwork enrichment, and work–nonwork conflict over a period of one year, with two measurement points. Results indicated that an increase in the presence of a calling was positively related to increased levels of positive affect at work, which, in turn, was positively related to increased work–nonwork enrichment. However, an increase in the presence of a calling was also positively related to increased workaholism, which was positively related to increased work–nonwork conflict. The findings suggest that having a calling is meaningfully related to the work–nonwork interface among older workers in both positive and negative ways.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Work and Organisational Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Hirschi, Andreas and Spurk, Daniel

Subjects:

100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

0001-8791

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Soltermann

Date Deposited:

10 Mar 2020 09:34

Last Modified:

14 May 2020 16:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.jvb.2019.02.004

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.141036

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141036

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