Perception and Action in Sports. On the Functionality of Foveal and Peripheral Vision

Klostermann, André; Vater, Christian; Kredel, Ralf; Hossner, Ernst-Joachim (2020). Perception and Action in Sports. On the Functionality of Foveal and Peripheral Vision. Frontiers in sports and active living, 1(66) Frontiers 10.3389/fspor.2019.00066

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An optimal coupling between perception and action is crucial for successful performance in sports. In basketball, for example, a stable fixation onto the basket helps to gain precise visual information of the target to successfully throw a basketball into the basket. In basketball-defense situations, however, opposing players cutting to the basket can be detected by using peripheral vision as less precise information are sufficient to mark this player. Those examples elucidate that to solve a given task foveal and peripheral vision can be used to acquire the necessary information. Following this reasoning, the current state of our framework will be presented that allows one to predict the functionality of one or the other or both depending on the current situation and task demands. In more detail, for tasks that require high motor precision like in far-aiming tasks, empirical evidence suggests that stable foveal fixations facilitate inhibitory processes of alternative action parameterization over movement planning and control. However, more complex situations (i.e., with more than one relevant information source), require peripheral vision to process relevant information by positioning gaze at a functional location which might actually be in free space between the relevant information sources. Based on these elaborations, we will discuss complementarities, the role of visual attention as well as practical implications.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW)
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Sport Science (ISPW) > Movement and Exercise Science

UniBE Contributor:

Klostermann, André; Vater, Christian; Kredel, Ralf and Hossner, Ernst-Joachim

Subjects:

700 Arts > 790 Sports, games & entertainment

ISSN:

2624-9367

Publisher:

Frontiers

Language:

English

Submitter:

André Klostermann

Date Deposited:

15 Apr 2020 08:48

Last Modified:

15 Apr 2020 08:48

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fspor.2019.00066

Uncontrolled Keywords:

gaze behavior, expert performance, gaze anchor, visual pivot, foveal spot, quiet eye

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.141275

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141275

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