Yaḥad, Maskil, Priests and Angels – Their Relation in the Community Rule (1QS)

Jost, Michael Reno (2019). Yaḥad, Maskil, Priests and Angels – Their Relation in the Community Rule (1QS). In: Jokiranta, Jutta; Zahn, Molly (eds.) Law, Literature, and Society in Legal Texts from Qumran. Papers from the Ninth Meeting of the International Organisation. Studies on the texts of the desert of Judah: Vol. 128 (pp. 207-229). Leiden: Brill

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As is well known, the yaḥad saw itself in community with the angels, a fact that is indicated in several liturgical texts (e.g., 1QHa, 4Q400–407, 4Q511). But there is also evidence of this in a collection of rule texts (1QS 11:7–8, 1QSa 2:8–9, 1QSb 3:25–27a and 1QSb 4:25–26). In this paper, I define the relation between the yaḥad, the priests, and the maśkîl in these rule texts with special attention given to the impact that the perceived liturgical community with the angels has on self-understanding. The analysis will show, that the role of the maśkîl does not constitute a hierarchical status and that the hierarchical structure of the community does not serve to ensure the autonomy of the priests or some individual leaders, but rather to include them in an ideological system.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

01 Faculty of Theology > Institute of New Testatment Studies
01 Faculty of Theology > Institute of New Testatment Studies > Literature and Theology of the New Testament

UniBE Contributor:

Jost, Michael Reno

Subjects:

200 Religion > 290 Other religions
800 Literature, rhetoric & criticism > 890 Other literatures
900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISBN:

978-90-04-39337-0

Series:

Studies on the texts of the desert of Judah

Publisher:

Brill

Language:

English

Submitter:

Michael Reno Jost

Date Deposited:

06 Apr 2020 13:19

Last Modified:

06 Apr 2020 13:19

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Angels, Qumran, Yahad, Maskil, Community

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141419

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