Contrasting effects of CO₂ fertilization, land-use change and warming on seasonal amplitude of Northern Hemisphere CO₂ exchange

Bastos, Ana; Ciais, Philippe; Chevallier, Frédéric; Rödenbeck, Christian; Ballantyne, Ashley P.; Maignan, Fabienne; Yin, Yi; Fernández-Martínez, Marcos; Friedlingstein, Pierre; Peñuelas, Josep; Piao, Shilong L.; Sitch, Stephen; Smith, William K.; Wang, Xuhui; Zhu, Zaichun; Haverd, Vanessa; Kato, Etsushi; Jain, Atul K.; Lienert, Sebastian; Lombardozzi, Danica; ... (2019). Contrasting effects of CO₂ fertilization, land-use change and warming on seasonal amplitude of Northern Hemisphere CO₂ exchange. Atmospheric chemistry and physics, 19(19), pp. 12361-12375. European Geosciences Union 10.5194/acp-19-12361-2019

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Continuous atmospheric CO₂ monitoring data indicate an increase in the amplitude of seasonal CO₂-cycle exchange (SCANBP) in northern high latitudes. The major drivers of enhanced SCANBP remain unclear and intensely debated, with land-use change, CO₂ fertilization and warming being identified as likely contributors. We integrated CO₂-flux data from two atmospheric inversions (consistent with atmospheric records) and from 11 state-of-the-art land-surface models (LSMs) to evaluate the relative importance of individual contributors to trends and drivers of the SCANBP of CO₂ fluxes for 1980–2015. The LSMs generally reproduce the latitudinal increase in SCANBP trends within the inver-sions range. Inversions and LSMs attribute SCANBP increase to boreal Asia and Europe due to enhanced vegetation productivity (in LSMs) and point to contrasting effects of CO₂ fertilization (positive) and warming (negative) on SCANBP. Our results do not support land-use change as a key contrib-utor to the increase in SCANBP. The sensitivity of simulated microbial respiration to temperature in LSMs explained bi-ases in SCANBP trends, which suggests that SCANBP could help to constrain model turnover times.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Physics Institute > Climate and Environmental Physics
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Lienert, Sebastian

Subjects:

500 Science > 530 Physics

ISSN:

1680-7316

Publisher:

European Geosciences Union

Language:

English

Submitter:

Fortunat Joos

Date Deposited:

02 Apr 2020 15:46

Last Modified:

02 Apr 2020 15:46

Publisher DOI:

10.5194/acp-19-12361-2019

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.141567

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141567

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