Serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) concentration has limited prognostic value for density of primordial and primary follicles, questioning it as an accurate parameter for the ovarian reserve.

von Wolff, Michael; Roumet, Marie; Stute, Petra; Liebenthron, Jana (2020). Serum anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) concentration has limited prognostic value for density of primordial and primary follicles, questioning it as an accurate parameter for the ovarian reserve. Maturitas, 134, pp. 34-40. Elsevier 10.1016/j.maturitas.2020.02.001

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OBJECTIVES To evaluate the prognostic value of anti-Mullerian hormone (AMH) levels in estimating the ovarian density of primordial and primary follicles, which can be assumed to reflect the real ovarian reserve. STUDY DESIGN A total of 537 women, average age 30.4 years (range 8.0-43.7 years), underwent ovarian tissue cryopreservation prior to gonadotoxic therapies due to malignant diseases which do not affect ovarian reserve parameters. Standardized ovarian biopsies were obtained, and follicular density was analysed. The prognostic accuracy of serum AMH in estimating ovarian follicle density was evaluated. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES Histologically determined follicle density, AMH serum concentration and their correlation. RESULTS In children, follicle density was high but AMH concentration was low. AMH concentration was predicted to be maximum at the age of 15.5 years. In women aged over 15.5 years, the relationship between AMH concentration and follicle density was evaluated. Crude analysis revealed that serum AMH levels and follicular density were moderately correlated (r = 0.34, p < 0.001). From the adjusted regression model the predicted value of follicle density of women aged 20, 30 and 40 years as well as the associated 50 % and 95 % prediction intervals (50 % PI and 95 % PI, respectively) were calculated. For example, for women aged 40 years with a serum AMH level of 1 ng/ml, a follicle density of 2.3/mm3 (50 %PI: [1.1, 4.6]; 95 %PI: [0.3, 18]) was predicted. These large prediction intervals demonstrate the low predictive value of serum AMH for the ovarian follicle density. CONCLUSIONS Serum AMH levels have limited prognostic value for the follicle density and therefore for the real ovarian reserve.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gynaecology, Paediatrics and Endocrinology (DFKE) > Clinic of Gynaecology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > CTU Bern

UniBE Contributor:

von Wolff, Michael; Roumet, Marie Camille and Stute, Petra

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0378-5122

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Flükiger-Flückiger

Date Deposited:

13 Mar 2020 18:29

Last Modified:

24 Mar 2020 08:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.maturitas.2020.02.001

PubMed ID:

32143774

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Anti-Mullerian hormone FertiPROTEKT Follicle density Menopause Ovarian reserve Premature ovarian insufficiency

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.141598

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141598

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