Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife.

Portier, Julien; Ryser-Degiorgis, Marie-Pierre; Hutchings, Mike R; Monchâtre-Leroy, Elodie; Richomme, Céline; Larrat, Sylvain; van der Poel, Wim H M; Dominguez, Morgane; Linden, Annick; Santos, Patricia Tavares; Warns-Petit, Eva; Chollet, Jean-Yves; Cavalerie, Lisa; Grandmontagne, Claude; Boadella, Mariana; Bonbon, Etienne; Artois, Marc (2019). Multi-host disease management: the why and the how to include wildlife. BMC veterinary research, 15(1), p. 295. BioMed Central 10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6

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In recent years, outbreaks caused by multi-host pathogens (MHP) have posed a serious challenge to public and animal health authorities. The frequent implication of wildlife in such disease systems and a lack of guidelines for mitigating these diseases within wild animal populations partially explain why the outbreaks are particularly challenging. To face these challenges, the French Ministry of Agriculture launched a multi-disciplinary group of experts that set out to discuss the main wildlife specific concepts in the management of MHP disease outbreaks and how to integrate wildlife in the disease management process.This position paper structures the primary specific concepts of wildlife disease management, as identified by the working group. It is designed to lay out these concepts for a wide audience of public and/or animal health officers who are not necessarily familiar with wildlife diseases. The group's discussions generated a possible roadmap for the management of MHP diseases. This roadmap is presented as a cycle for which the main successive step are: step 1-descriptive studies and monitoring; step 2-risk assessment; step 3-management goals; step 4-management actions and step 5-assessment of the management plan. In order to help choose the most adapted management actions for all involved epidemiological units, we integrated a decision-making framework (presented as a spreadsheet). This tool and the corresponding guidelines for disease management are designed to be used by public and health authorities when facing MHP disease outbreaks. These proposals are meant as an initial step towards a harmonized transboundary outbreak response framework that integrates current scientific understanding adapted to practical intervention.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

05 Veterinary Medicine > Research Foci > Veterinary Public Health / Herd Health Management
05 Veterinary Medicine > Department of Infectious Diseases and Pathobiology (DIP) > Center for Fish and Wildlife Health (FIWI)

UniBE Contributor:

Ryser, Marie Pierre

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
600 Technology > 630 Agriculture

ISSN:

1746-6148

Publisher:

BioMed Central

Language:

English

Submitter:

Achim Braun Parham

Date Deposited:

27 Mar 2020 08:23

Last Modified:

29 Mar 2020 03:43

Publisher DOI:

10.1186/s12917-019-2030-6

PubMed ID:

31412882

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Coordination Decision-making framework Emerging infectious diseases Europe Integrated management Policy making Proportionate management Risk assessment Wildlife Zoonosis

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.141732

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141732

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