Crystal structure of the human supernatant protein factor.

Stocker, Achim; Tomizaki, Takashi; Schulze-Briese, Clemens; Baumann, Ulrich (2002). Crystal structure of the human supernatant protein factor. Structure, 10(11), pp. 1533-1540. Cell Press 10.1016/s0969-2126(02)00884-5

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Supernatant protein factor (SPF) promotes the epoxidation of squalene catalyzed by microsomes. Several studies suggest its in vivo role in the cholesterol biosynthetic pathway by a yet unknown mechanism. SPF belongs to a family of lipid binding proteins called CRAL_TRIO, which include yeast phosphatidylinositol transfer protein Sec14 and tocopherol transfer protein TTP. The crystal structure of human SPF at a resolution of 1.9 A reveals a two domain topology. The N-terminal 275 residues form a Sec14-like domain, while the C-terminal 115 residues consist of an eight-stranded jelly-roll barrel similar to that found in many viral protein structures. The ligand binding cavity has a peculiar horseshoe-like shape. Contrary to the Sec14 crystal structure, the lipid-exchange loop is in a closed conformation, suggesting a mechanism for lipid exchange.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Review Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Departement of Chemistry and Biochemistry

UniBE Contributor:

Stocker, Achim

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology
500 Science > 540 Chemistry

ISSN:

0969-2126

Publisher:

Cell Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Anja Ebeling

Date Deposited:

11 Mar 2020 14:03

Last Modified:

12 Mar 2020 03:03

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/s0969-2126(02)00884-5

PubMed ID:

12429094

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.141776

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141776

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