Of Caring Nurses and Assertive Police Officers: Social Role Information Overrides Gender Stereotypes in Linguistic Behavior

Gustafsson Sendén, Marie; Eagly, Alice; Sczesny, Sabine (2019). Of Caring Nurses and Assertive Police Officers: Social Role Information Overrides Gender Stereotypes in Linguistic Behavior. Social psychological and personality science, 11(6), pp. 743-751. Sage 10.1177/1948550619876636

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Three studies demonstrated the expression of gender stereotypes in linguistic behavior. In Study 1, participants composed sentences describing a person by freely choosing from female- or male-dominated occupations, female or male pronouns, and communal or agentic traits. In Study 2a, participants chose traits to describe a person identified by a female- or male-dominated occupation and in Study 2b by a female or male pronoun and noun. In Study 3, participants chose traits for a person identified by both a female- or male-dominated occupation and a female or male pronoun. In general, participants chose more communal and fewer agentic traits for sentences containing a female- (vs. male-) dominated occupation and a female (vs. male) pronoun or noun. However, participants described women and men in the same occupation as similarly agentic or communal, demonstrating the primacy of role over sex information as predicted by social role theory.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology
07 Faculty of Human Sciences > Institute of Psychology > Social Neuroscience and Social Psychology

UniBE Contributor:

Sczesny, Sabine

Subjects:

100 Philosophy
100 Philosophy > 150 Psychology
300 Social sciences, sociology & anthropology

ISSN:

1948-5506

Publisher:

Sage

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrea Gassmann-Suter

Date Deposited:

16 Apr 2020 15:49

Last Modified:

12 Jul 2020 02:38

Publisher DOI:

10.1177/1948550619876636

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141841

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