How do the validations of simulations and experiments compare?

Barberousse, Anouk; Jebeile, Julie (2019). How do the validations of simulations and experiments compare? In: Beisbart, Claus; Saam, Nicole J. (eds.) Computer Simulation Validation - Fundamental Concepts, Methodological Frameworks, and Philosophical Perspectives. Simulation Foundations, Methods and Applications (pp. 925-942). Cham: Springer 10.1007/978-3-319-70766-2_38

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Whereas experiments and computer simulations seem very different at first view because the former, but not the latter, involve interactions with material properties, we argue that this difference is not so important with respect to validation, as far as epistemology is concerned. Major differences remain nevertheless from the methodological point of view. We present and defend this distinction between epistemology (the domain of scientific operations that are justified by rational principles aiming at improving current knowledge) and methodology (the domain of scientific operations that are governed by rules, not all of which are grounded on rational, explicit principles). We illustrate this distinction and related claims by comparing how experiments and simulations are validated in evolutionary studies, a domain in which both experiments in the lab and computer simulations are relatively new but mutually reinforcing.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of Art and Cultural Studies > Institute of Philosophy
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)

UniBE Contributor:

Jebeile, Julie Alia Nina

Subjects:

100 Philosophy

ISBN:

978-3-319-70765-5

Series:

Simulation Foundations, Methods and Applications

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Julie Alia Nina Jebeile

Date Deposited:

07 May 2020 08:06

Last Modified:

07 May 2020 08:06

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/978-3-319-70766-2_38

Uncontrolled Keywords:

computer simulations, experiments, verification and validation, calibration

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/141998

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