Validation of risk assessment models predicting venous thromboembolism in acutely ill medical inpatients: a cohort study.

Moumneh, Thomas; Riou, Jérémie; Douillet, Delphine; Henni, Samir; Mottier, Dominique; Tritschler, Tobias; Le Gal, Grégoire; Roy, Pierre-Marie (2020). Validation of risk assessment models predicting venous thromboembolism in acutely ill medical inpatients: a cohort study. Journal of thrombosis and haemostasis, 18(6), pp. 1398-1407. Wiley-Blackwell 10.1111/jth.14796

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BACKGROUND As hospital-acquired venous thromboembolism (VTE) represents a frequent cause of preventable deaths in medical inpatients, identifying at risk patients requiring thromboprophylaxis is critical. We aimed to externally assess the Caprini, IMPROVE and Padua VTE risk scores and to compare their performance to advanced age as a stand-alone predictor. METHODS We performed a retrospective analysis of patients prospectively enrolled in the PREVENU trial. Patients aged 40-years and older, hospitalised for at least 2-days on a medical ward were consecutively enrolled and followed for three months. Critical ill patients were not recruited. Patients diagnosed with VTE within 48-hours from admission, or receiving full dose anticoagulant treatment or who underwent surgery were excluded. All suspected VTE and deaths occurring during the three-month follow-up were adjudicated by an independent committee. The three scores were retrospectively assessed. Body mass index, needed for the Padua and Caprini scores were missing in 44% of patients. RESULTS Among 14,910 eligible patients, 14,660 were evaluable, of which 1.8% experienced symptomatic VTE or sudden unexplained death during the three-month follow-up. The area under the receiver operating characteristic curves (AUC) were 0.60 (95%CI 0.57-0.63), 0.63 (95%CI 0.60-0.66) and 0.64 (95%CI 0.61-0.67) for Caprini, IMPROVE and Padua scores, respectively. None of these scores performed significantly better than advanced age as a single predictor (AUC 0.61, 95%CI 0.58-0.64). CONCLUSION In our study, Caprini, IMPROVE and Padua VTE risk scores have poor discriminative ability to identify not-critically ill medical inpatients at risk of VTE, and do not perform better than a risk evaluation based on patient's age alone.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of General Internal Medicine (DAIM) > Clinic of General Internal Medicine > Centre of Competence for General Internal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Tritschler, Tobias

ISSN:

1538-7836

Publisher:

Wiley-Blackwell

Language:

English

Submitter:

Christine Baumgartner

Date Deposited:

07 Apr 2020 15:11

Last Modified:

06 Jun 2020 01:32

Publisher DOI:

10.1111/jth.14796

PubMed ID:

32168402

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Deep vein thrombosis Inpatients Pulmonary embolism Risk assessment model Venous thromboembolism

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.142030

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/142030

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