Continuous Dynamic Mapping to Identify the Corticospinal Tract in Motor Eloquent Brain Tumors: An Update.

Seidel, Kathleen; Schucht, Philippe; Beck, Jürgen; Raabe, Andreas (2020). Continuous Dynamic Mapping to Identify the Corticospinal Tract in Motor Eloquent Brain Tumors: An Update. Journal of neurological surgery. Part A, Central European neurosurgery, 81(2), pp. 105-110. Thieme 10.1055/s-0039-1698384

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OBJECTIVE  We recently developed a new subcortical mapping technique based on the concept of stimulating the tissue at the site of and synchronously with resection. Our hypothesis was that instead of performing resection and mapping sequentially, a synchronized resection and mapping could potentially improve deficit rates. METHODS  We report our 5-year series of patients who prospectively underwent tumor surgery adjacent to the corticospinal tract (CST) (defined as < 1 cm using diffusion tension imaging and fiber tracking) with simultaneous subcortical short train cathodal monopolar mapping, equipped with a new acoustic motor evoked potential (MEP) alarm. Continuous (temporal coverage) and dynamic (spatial coverage) mapping was realized technically by integrating the mapping probe at the tip of a new suction device. Motor function was assessed using the Medical Research Council scale (from M1 to M5) 1 day after surgery, at discharge, and at 3 months. RESULTS  Technically, the method was successful in all 182 cases. The lowest individual motor thresholds reached during resection were > 10 mA, n = 56; 6-10 mA, n = 31; 4-5 mA, n = 37; and 1-3 mA, n = 58. At 3 months, six patients (3%) had a persisting postoperative motor deficit that was caused by direct mechanical injury in three of these patients (1.7%). CONCLUSIONS  Continuous dynamic mapping was found to be a feasible and ergonomic technique for localizing the exact site of the CST and distance to the motor fibers. This new technique may improve the safety of motor eloquent tumor surgery.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Head Organs and Neurology (DKNS) > Clinic of Neurosurgery

UniBE Contributor:

Seidel, Kathleen; Schucht, Philippe; Beck, Jürgen and Raabe, Andreas

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2193-6315

Publisher:

Thieme

Language:

English

Submitter:

Nicole Söll

Date Deposited:

08 Apr 2020 16:31

Last Modified:

08 Apr 2020 16:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1055/s-0039-1698384

PubMed ID:

31935786

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/142176

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