Space-Based Earth Observations for Disaster Risk Management

Le Cozannet, G.; Kervyn, M.; Russo, S.; Ifejika Speranza, C.; Ferrier, P.; Foumelis, M.; Lopez, T.; Modaressi, H. (2020). Space-Based Earth Observations for Disaster Risk Management. Surveys in geophysics, 41(6), pp. 1209-1235. Springer 10.1007/s10712-020-09586-5

[img]
Preview
Text
Le-cozannet-2020-Space-based-earth-observations-for-(1).pdf - Published Version
Available under License Creative Commons: Attribution (CC-BY).

Download (2MB) | Preview

As space-based Earth observations are delivering a growing amount and variety of data, the potential of this information to better support disaster risk management is coming into increased scrutiny. Disaster risk management actions are commonly divided into the different steps of the disaster management cycle, which include: prevention, to minimize future losses; preparedness and crisis management, often focused on saving lives; and post-crisis management aiming at re-establishing services supporting human activities. Based on a literature review and examples of studies in the area of coastal, hydro-meteorological and geohazards, this review examines how space-based Earth observations have addressed the needs for information in the area of disaster risk management so far. We show that efforts have essentially focused on hazard assessments or supporting crisis management, whereas a number of needs still remain partly fulfilled for vulnerability and exposure mapping, as well as adaptation planning. A promising way forward to maximize the impact of Earth observations includes multi-risk approaches, which mutualize the collection of time-evolving vulnerability and exposure data across different hazards. Opportunities exist as programmes such as the Copernicus Sentinels are now delivering Earth observations of an unprecedented quality, quantity and repetitiveness, as well as initiatives from the disaster risk science communities such as the development of observatories. We argue that, as a complement to this, more systematic efforts to (1) build capacity and (2) evaluate where space-based Earth observations can support disaster risk management would be useful to maximize its societal benefits.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability > Unit Land Systems and Sustainable Land Management (LS-SLM)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe and Lopez, Teodolina

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

0169-3298

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Evi Nina Rothenbühler

Date Deposited:

13 May 2020 16:26

Last Modified:

12 Mar 2021 06:23

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10712-020-09586-5

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Space-based Earth observations, Satellite remote sensing, Disaster risk management, Prevention, Preparedness, Crisis management, Recovery, Resilience, Adaptation

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.142826

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/142826

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback