On the interoperability of IGS products for precise positioning with ambiguity resolution

Banville, Simon; Geng, Jianghui; Loyer, Sylvain; Schaer, Stefan; Springer, Tim; Strasser, Sebastian (2020). On the interoperability of IGS products for precise positioning with ambiguity resolution. Journal of geodesy, 94(1) Springer-Verlag 10.1007/s00190-019-01335-w

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Techniques enabling precise point positioning with ambiguity resolution (PPP-AR) were developed over a decade ago. Several analysis centers of the International GNSS Service (IGS) have implemented such strategies into their software packages and are generating (experimental) PPP-AR products including satellite clock and bias corrections. While the IGS combines individual orbit and clock products as standard to provide a more reliable solution, interoperability of these new PPP-AR products must be confirmed before they can be combined. As a first step, all products are transformed into a common observable-specific representation of biases. It is then confirmed that consistency is only ensured by considering both clock and bias products simultaneously. As a consequence, the satellite clock combination process currently used by the IGS must be revisited to consider not only clocks but also biases. A combination of PPP-AR products from six analysis centers over a one-week period is successfully achieved, showing that alignment of phase clocks can be achieved with millimeter precision thanks to the integer properties of the clocks. In the positioning domain, PPP-AR solutions for all products show improved longitude estimates of daily static positions by nearly 60% over float solutions. The combined products generally provide equivalent or better results than individual analysis center contributions, for both static and kinematic solutions.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)


08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Astronomy

UniBE Contributor:

Schaer, Stefan


500 Science > 520 Astronomy








Pierre Fridez

Date Deposited:

12 May 2020 13:29

Last Modified:

12 May 2020 13:29

Publisher DOI:






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