A coupled human and landscape conceptual model of risk and resilience in Swiss Alpine communities

Hossain, Md Sarwar; Ramirez, Jorge Alberto; Haisch, Tina; Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe; Martius, Olivia; Mayer, Heike; Keiler, Margreth (2020). A coupled human and landscape conceptual model of risk and resilience in Swiss Alpine communities. Science of the total environment, 730, p. 138322. Elsevier 10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138322

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Disasters induced by natural hazards or extreme events consist of interacting human and natural components. While progress has been made to mitigate and adapt to natural hazards, much of the existing research lacks interdisciplinary approaches that equally consider both natural and social processes. More importantly, this lack of integration between approaches remains a major challenge in developing disaster risk management plans for communities. In this study, we made a first attempt to develop a conceptual model of a coupled human-landscape system in Swiss Alpine communities. The conceptual model contains a system dynamics (e.g. interaction, feedbacks) component to reproduce community level, socio-economic developments and shocks that include economic crises leading to unemployment, depopulation and diminished community revenue. Additionally, the conceptual model contains climate, hydrology, and geomorphic components that are sources of natural hazards such as floods and debris flows. Feedbacks between the socio-economic and biophysical systems permit adaptation to flood and debris flow risks by implementing spatially explicit mitigation options including flood defenses and land cover changes. Here we justify the components, scales, and feedbacks present in the conceptual model and provide guidance on how to operationalize the conceptual model to assess risk and community resilience as well as determine which shocks overcome the buffering capacity of Swiss Alpine communities.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography
10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Climatology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability > Unit Land Systems and Sustainable Land Management (LS-SLM)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Human Geography > Unit Economic Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography > Unit Geomorphology
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Human Geography
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Physical Geography
11 Centers of Competence > Center for Regional Economic Development (CRED)

UniBE Contributor:

Sohel, Sarwar; Ramirez, Jorge Alberto; Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe; Romppainen-Martius, Olivia; Mayer, Heike and Keiler, Margreth

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel
500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

0048-9697

Publisher:

Elsevier

Funders:

[UNSPECIFIED] University of Bern

Projects:

[UNSPECIFIED] Risk and Resilience Cluster
[UNSPECIFIED] Social-ecological Systems Modelling and Sustainable Land Management

Language:

English

Submitter:

MD Sarwar Hossain Sohel

Date Deposited:

29 May 2020 17:32

Last Modified:

31 May 2020 02:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.scitotenv.2020.138322

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Coupled human-landscape model, Community resilience, Risk, Hazard, System dynamics and feedbacks

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.143258

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/143258

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