The Role of Blockchain in Documenting Land Users' Rights: The Canonical Case of Farmers in the Vernacular Land Market

Daniel, Desiree; Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe (2020). The Role of Blockchain in Documenting Land Users' Rights: The Canonical Case of Farmers in the Vernacular Land Market. Frontiers in blockchain, 3(19) Frontiers Media 10.3389/fbloc.2020.00019

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In this article, we discuss the potential of blockchain technology in addressing the documentation of users’ land rights in the informal land rental market. Blockchain technology is a peer-to-peer protocol that can be leveraged to keep track of transactions over the internet. Publicised for its use in the bitcoin revolution, the technology provides transparency and traceability that can be used in the management of land rights. When it comes to the formalisation of land rights, blockchain technology promises to authenticate owners and other users of land, and provides a fixed ledger of land use rights transactions. At present, blockchain technology is being explored as a proof of concept in several countries to track land titles (state to individual). We extend the idea to capture the granting of land use rights (individual to individual) making use of the decentralisation, peer-to-peer nature of blockchain technology. While the technology is not a panacea to all land administration challenges, it can offer an effective means to manage land transactions, provide digital documentation to actors in the informal land rental market and reduce inefficiency in land systems. However, the uptake of the technology in land administration is limited by human related factors. These limitations include, but are not limited to, the accuracy of data being entered into the system, the ability of the system to facilitate data preservation, pre-existing institutional and legal pillars, and the digital divide across communities. Part of overcoming these barriers requires the political will of governments to invest in digital technologies and develop institutional capacities to overcome current limitations to bring land management into the industry 4.0 era.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability > Unit Land Systems and Sustainable Land Management (LS-SLM)
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography > Geographies of Sustainability
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geography

UniBE Contributor:

Daniel-Ortmann, Desiree Christina and Ifejika Speranza, Chinwe

Subjects:

900 History > 910 Geography & travel

ISSN:

2624-7852

Publisher:

Frontiers Media

Language:

English

Submitter:

Desiree Christina Daniel-Ortmann

Date Deposited:

29 May 2020 17:16

Last Modified:

29 May 2020 17:16

Publisher DOI:

10.3389/fbloc.2020.00019

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.143487

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/143487

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