Rediscovery of a presumed extinct species, Salvelinus profundus, after re-oligotrophication

Dönz, Carmela J.; Seehausen, Ole (2020). Rediscovery of a presumed extinct species, Salvelinus profundus, after re-oligotrophication. Ecology, 101(8) Ecological Society of America 10.1002/ECY.3065

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Lake Constance (47° 38’ N, 9° 22’ E) is a deep (max. depth 251m) and large (surface area 536 km2) postglacial lake in Central Europe. Originally, it harboured two charr species – Salvelinus umbla and S. profundus. The first is a medium-sized, colourful, winter spawning charr, which is widespread across Central European lakes, the second a small, pale, summer spawning, deepwater charr, which is endemic to Lake Constance (Schillinger 1901, Kottelat and Freyhof 2007). S. profundus has exceptionally large eyes and the upper jaw strongly overlaps the lower jaw. These traits are both considered adaptations to its life in the deep where it mostly feeds on profundal benthos (Schillinger 1901). During the second half of the last century, Lake Constance became eutrophic, resulting in oxygen-depletion in deep waters (IGKB 2004). The anoxic conditions harmed the development of eggs by profundal spawning fish (Baer et al. 2017). Thanks to strict management interventions, the lake has returned to an oligotrophic state, and oxygen is again available in the water column down to the greatest depth (IGKB 2004).

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Ecology and Evolution (IEE) > Aquatic Ecology

UniBE Contributor:

Dönz, Carmela Jeanne and Seehausen, Ole

Subjects:

500 Science > 570 Life sciences; biology

ISSN:

0012-9658

Publisher:

Ecological Society of America

Language:

English

Submitter:

Marcel Häsler

Date Deposited:

04 May 2020 15:21

Last Modified:

09 Aug 2020 02:39

Publisher DOI:

10.1002/ECY.3065

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.143521

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/143521

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