Ultra-trace element characterization of the central Ottawa River basin using a rapid, flexible, and low-volume ICP-MS method

Babechuk, Michael G.; O'Sullivan, Edel M.; McKenna, Cora A.; Rosca, Carolina; Nägler, Thomas F.; Schoenberg, Ronny; Kamber, Balz S. (2020). Ultra-trace element characterization of the central Ottawa River basin using a rapid, flexible, and low-volume ICP-MS method. Aquatic geochemistry, 26(4), pp. 327-374. Springer 10.1007/s10498-020-09376-w

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Ultra-trace (<1 ng g-1) rare earth elements and yttrium (REE+Y) and high field strength element (HFSE) geochemistry of freshwater can constrain element sources, aqueous processes in hydrologic catchments, and the signature of dissolved terrestrial fluxes to the oceans. This study details an adapted method capable of quantifying ≥38 elements (including all REE+Y, Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf, Mo, W, Th, U) with minimal sample preparation in natural water aliquots as low as ≤2 mL. The method precision and accuracy are demonstrated using measurement of the National Research Council – Conseil national de recherches Canada (NRC-CNRC) river water certified reference material (CRM) SLRS-6 sampled from the Ottawa River (OR).

Data from SLRS CRM are compared to those of new, filtered (<0.45 µm) stream water samples from the central Ottawa River basin (ORB), and discussed in terms of processes and geochemical signatures inherited from the highly evolved igneous/metamorphic Archean and Proterozoic bedrock in the catchment. The ORB waters have significantly LREE>HREE-enriched REE+Y patterns, small natural positive Y and Gd anomalies, and negative Eu and Ce anomalies. These REE+Y features are coherent downstream in the OR apart from amplification of Eu and Ce anomalies during REE removal/dilution. The OR samples capture a downstream decrease in sparingly soluble HFSE (Th, Nb, Ta, Zr, Hf), presumably related to their colloid-particulate removal from the dissolved load, accompanied by crustal Zr/Hf (32.5 ± 5.1) and supercrustal Nb/Ta (25.1 ± 7.7) ratios. Subcrustal Th/U (0.17-0.96) and supercrustal Mo/W (12.0-74.5) ratios in all ORB waters indicate preferential release and aqueous solubility of U>Th and Mo>W, with the latter attributed primarily to preferential W adsorption on soil or upstream aquatic (oxy)(hydr)oxide surfaces.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences
08 Faculty of Science > Institute of Geological Sciences > Isotope Geology

UniBE Contributor:

O'Sullivan, Edel Mary and Nägler, Thomas

Subjects:

500 Science > 550 Earth sciences & geology

ISSN:

1380-6165

Publisher:

Springer

Language:

English

Submitter:

Edel Mary O'Sullivan

Date Deposited:

28 May 2020 12:27

Last Modified:

06 May 2021 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1007/s10498-020-09376-w

Uncontrolled Keywords:

ICP-MS; trace elements; rare earth elements and yttrium (REE+Y); high field strength elements (HFSE); Zr/Hf; Nb/Ta; certified reference material (CRM); SLRS-6; river water; Ottawa River

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.143901

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/143901

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