Pencil beam scanning proton therapy for the treatment of craniopharyngioma complicated with radiation-induced cerebral vasculopathies: a dosimetric and linear energy transfer (LET) evaluation.

Bolsi, Alessandra; Placidi, Lorenzo; Pica, Alessia; Ahllhelm, Frank; Walser, Marc; Lomax, Tony; Weber, Damien C. (2020). Pencil beam scanning proton therapy for the treatment of craniopharyngioma complicated with radiation-induced cerebral vasculopathies: a dosimetric and linear energy transfer (LET) evaluation. (In Press). Radiotherapy and oncology : journal of the European Society for Therapeutic Radiology and Oncology, 149, pp. 197-204. Elsevier Scientific Publ. Ireland 10.1016/j.radonc.2020.04.052

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BACKGROUND AND PURPOSE This study analyses the dosimetric and dose averaged Linear Energy transfer (LETd) correlation in paediatric craniopharyngioma (CP) patients with and without radiation-induced cerebral vasculopathies (RICVs) treated with pencil beam scanning (PBS) proton therapy (PT). MATERIAL AND METHODS We reviewed a series of 16 CP patients treated with PT to a median dose of 54 Gy(RBE). Two (12.5%) index patients presented RICVs 14 and 24 months (median, 19) after PT. Organs at risks (OARs) as bilateral internal carotid arteries (ICAs) and circle of Willis were contoured based on CTs and MRIs pre- and post-PT. Dosimetry was reviewed and LETd distributions were calculated; LETd metric for PTVs and OARs were analysed. For a sub-cohort, dosimetric and LETd values robustness due to range uncertainties were computed. RESULTS For the two index patients, no correlation was observed between RICVs and OARs doses. However for those patients mean(maximum) LETd values in the affected OARs were up to 4.0±0.4 (7.8±0.1)keV/μm; those LETd values were significantly higher (p=0.02) than the mean(maximum) LETd values for the rest of the cohort (mean: 3.1±0.3, maximum: 4.8±1.0keV/μm). This was due to asymmetric field arrangement, thus resulting in marked asymmetric LETd distributions. For such arrangement, maximum LETd values variations in vascular structures due to range uncertainties were up to 1.2keV/μm, whilst for the symmetric one they were up to 0.7keV/μm. CONCLUSIONS For children with and without RICVs, quantitative analysis showed a significant correlation with LETd average/maximum values in vascular structures, whilst no correlation was found on dosimetric parameters.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Radiation Oncology

UniBE Contributor:

Pica, Alessia and Weber, Damien Charles

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

1879-0887

Publisher:

Elsevier Scientific Publ. Ireland

Language:

English

Submitter:

Beatrice Scheidegger

Date Deposited:

28 May 2020 16:13

Last Modified:

12 Jun 2020 01:33

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.radonc.2020.04.052

PubMed ID:

32387488

Uncontrolled Keywords:

children craniopharyngioma radiation-induced complication linear energy transfer pencil beam scanning proton therapy vasculopathy

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144176

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144176

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