Development of the interscutularis model as an outcome measure for facial nerve surgery.

Leckenby, Jonathan I.; Chacon, Miranda A.; Rolfe, Kerstin; Lichtman, Jeff W.; Grobbelaar, Adriaan O. (2019). Development of the interscutularis model as an outcome measure for facial nerve surgery. Annals of anatomy - Anatomischer Anzeiger, 223, pp. 127-135. Elsevier 10.1016/j.aanat.2019.03.001

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INTRODUCTION Animal models for the study of facial paralysis have been well developed, but concern has arisen regarding the accuracy of eye closure and whisker movement as outcome measures due to new data regarding interconnectivity between facial nerve branches and autonomic innervation. The posterior auricular nerve (PAN) is an isolated branch of the facial nerve which has been confirmed as the sole motor innervat or of the interscutularis muscle. This study was designed to develop a model for facial nerve palsy utilizing the PAN and interscutularis muscle. METHODS A custom-made automated video capture system was built into a poly methyl methacrylate cage using a high definition monochrome digital camera and image sensor to record the animal as it drank from a water feeder. A copper floor pad and copper collar around the water feeder were connected to an electrical circuit for automatic saving of the video recording 10 s prior to and 30 s following the drinking event. A pre-operative baseline recording of ear movement during drinking was captured. Female YFP-16 mice at 6 weeks were assigned to sham (Sh, n = 5), nerve excision (Ex, n = 10), or nerve crush (Cr, n = 10) groups with all interventions performed on the right PAN. Sh mice were irrigated with 10 ml normal saline as were the Ex and Cr mice following operative intervention. In Ex mice, a 3 mm section of the PAN was sharply excised and nerve gap was confirmed with fluorescent microscopy. In Cr mice, the PAN was crushed 3 mm from the origin of the facial nerve trunk with size 5 jeweler's forceps for two periods of 20 s. Post-operative video recordings were collected on post-operative days (POD) 1, 10, 20, and 30. To determine the change in ear movement, the right ear was graphically compared to the left control side. RESULTS Sh animals exhibited a statistically significant reduction in ear movement at POD01 compared to other POD recordings (p < 0.05), but no significant change in right ear movement following POD05. Ex animals had a significant reduction in right ear movement at all PODs in comparison to the left ear (p < 0.05) with no significant change in right ear movement during the study period (p = 0.94). Cr animals showed a significant reduction in right ear movement compared to the left at POD01, POD10, and POD20 (p < 0.05). At POD30, there was no significant difference between ear movement on either side (p = 0.35). There was a significant change in right ear movement during the data collection period (p < 0.05). CONCLUSION The results show that significant differences were demonstrated between the experimental groups and that significant changes within the crush group were identifiable making this an acceptable model to develop as an accurate outcome measure following rodent facial nerve surgery.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery
04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Orthopaedic, Plastic and Hand Surgery (DOPH) > Clinic of Plastic and Hand Surgery > Plastic, Reconstructive and Aesthetic Surgery

UniBE Contributor:

Leckenby, Jonathan Ian and Grobbelaar, Adriaan Ockert

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0940-9602

Publisher:

Elsevier

Language:

English

Submitter:

Veronika Picha

Date Deposited:

09 Jun 2020 13:52

Last Modified:

09 Jun 2020 13:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.aanat.2019.03.001

PubMed ID:

30910682

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Anatomy Animal model Ear movement Facial palsy Nerve Outcome measure Posterior auricular nerve

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144403

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144403

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