Survival following allogeneic transplant in patients with myelofibrosis.

Gowin, Krisstina; Ballen, Karen; Ahn, Kwang Woo; Hu, Zhen-Huan; Ali, Haris; Arcasoy, Murat O; Devlin, Rebecca; Coakley, Maria; Gerds, Aaron T; Green, Michael; Gupta, Vikas; Hobbs, Gabriela; Jain, Tania; Kandarpa, Malathi; Komrokji, Rami; Kuykendall, Andrew T; Luber, Kierstin; Masarova, Lucia; Michaelis, Laura C; Patches, Sarah; ... (2020). Survival following allogeneic transplant in patients with myelofibrosis. Blood advances, 4(9), pp. 1965-1973. American Society of Hematology 10.1182/bloodadvances.2019001084

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Allogeneic hematopoietic cell transplantation (HCT) is the only curative therapy for myelofibrosis (MF). In this large multicenter retrospective study, overall survival (OS) in MF patients treated with allogeneic HCT (551 patients) and without HCT (non-HCT) (1377 patients) was analyzed with Cox proportional hazards model. Survival analysis stratified by the Dynamic International Prognostic Scoring System (DIPSS) revealed that the first year of treatment arm assignment, due to upfront risk of transplant-related mortality (TRM), HCT was associated with inferior OS compared with non-HCT (non-HCT vs HCT: DIPSS intermediate 1 [Int-1]: hazard ratio [HR] = 0.26, P < .0001; DIPSS-Int-2 and higher: HR, 0.39, P < .0001). Similarly, in the DIPSS low-risk MF group, due to upfront TRM risk, OS was superior with non-HCT therapies compared with HCT in the first-year post treatment arm assignment (HR, 0.16, P = .006). However, after 1 year, OS was not significantly different (HR, 1.38, P = .451). Beyond 1 year of treatment arm assignment, an OS advantage with HCT therapy in Int-1 and higher DIPSS score patients was observed (non-HCT vs HCT: DIPSS-Int-1: HR, 2.64, P < .0001; DIPSS-Int-2 and higher: HR, 2.55, P < .0001). In conclusion, long-term OS advantage with HCT was observed for patients with Int-1 or higher risk MF, but at the cost of early TRM. The magnitude of OS benefit with HCT increased as DIPSS risk score increased and became apparent with longer follow-up.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Haematology, Oncology, Infectious Diseases, Laboratory Medicine and Hospital Pharmacy (DOLS) > Clinic of Haematology and Central Haematological Laboratory

UniBE Contributor:

Bacher, Vera Ulrike

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

2473-9529

Publisher:

American Society of Hematology

Language:

English

Submitter:

Pierrette Durand Lüthi

Date Deposited:

15 Jun 2020 10:01

Last Modified:

15 Jun 2020 10:01

Publisher DOI:

10.1182/bloodadvances.2019001084

PubMed ID:

32384540

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144477

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144477

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