Influence of Clinical Expertise Between Clinician-Instructors Versus Student-Instructors on the Effectiveness of Ultrasound Courses.

Hofer, Matthias; Kamper, Lars; Heussen, Nicole; Martin, Ole; Heverhagen, Johannes (2020). Influence of Clinical Expertise Between Clinician-Instructors Versus Student-Instructors on the Effectiveness of Ultrasound Courses. (In Press). Ultraschall in der Medizin Thieme 10.1055/a-1176-0622

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PURPOSE  To investigate how the extent of an ultrasound instructor's clinical expertise influences the level of hands-on ultrasound competency achieved by clinicians after three-day ultrasound courses in abdominal and emergency ultrasound. The second goal was to determine how physicians in residency rate the sonographic and didactic skills of student instructors compared to medical staff instructors. METHOD  A total of N = 100 residents participating in a 3-day ultrasound workshop were randomly trained either by 15 student instructors or by clinical staff physicians, both with > 2 years of teaching experience. Both instructor groups had previously completed 120 hours of didactic instructor training. Ultrasound competencies were assessed by a standardized objective structured clinical examination (OSCE) of healthy individuals. The sonographic and didactic skills of both instructor groups were rated by questionnaires with six-step Likert items (1 = excellent, 6 = poor). RESULTS  The cohort, trained by student instructors, achieved the same scoring level as the second cohort, trained by physician instructors (mean score 76.4, versus 73.7 of max. 100 points, p = 0.28) in the final OSCE. The sonographic qualification was rated for student educators as 1.44 (mean) [1.1-1.62], versus residents 1.46 [1.26-1.61], versus attendings 1.29 [1.05-1.61]. Didactic skill levels were rated without significant differences with means of 1.53, 1.57 and 1.53, respectively. DISCUSSION & CONCLUSION  The didactic competence of student instructors does not differ statistically from the competency levels of experienced physicians. In terms of the acquired ultrasound skills of trainees, our data indicate that student instructors can be as efficient as staff instructors. Therefore, student instructors can be employed as resource-saving ultrasound educators without decreasing the skills level achieved by course participants, provided that they previously underwent a comprehensive didactic and sonographic training program.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Radiology, Neuroradiology and Nuclear Medicine (DRNN) > Institute of Diagnostic, Interventional and Paediatric Radiology

UniBE Contributor:

Hofer, Matthias and Heverhagen, Johannes

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0172-4614

Publisher:

Thieme

Language:

English

Submitter:

Maria de Fatima Henriques Bernardo

Date Deposited:

24 Jun 2020 16:31

Last Modified:

24 Jun 2020 16:31

Publisher DOI:

10.1055/a-1176-0622

PubMed ID:

32492727

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144488

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144488

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