Determination of the Cross-Reactivity of the Biological Metabolite (-)-trans-Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Carboxylic Acid-Glucuronide (THC-COOH-Gluc) for Cannabinoid Immunoassays.

Grafinger, Katharina Elisabeth; Weinmann, Wolfgang (2021). Determination of the Cross-Reactivity of the Biological Metabolite (-)-trans-Δ9-Tetrahydrocannabinol-Carboxylic Acid-Glucuronide (THC-COOH-Gluc) for Cannabinoid Immunoassays. Journal of analytical toxicology, 45(3), pp. 291-296. Oxford University Press 10.1093/jat/bkaa063

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The highest concentrated metabolite of (-)-trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol (THC) in urine, the main psychoactive constituent of Cannabis sativa, is 11-nor-9-carboxy-(-)-trans-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol-β-D-glucuronide [(-)-trans-THC-COOH-Gluc]. Even though reference standards for THC, 11-hydroxy-THC (11-OH-THC) and THC-COOH are commercially available as the biological (-)-trans-stereoisomers, the reference standard of THC-COOH-Gluc is only available as the racemic 11-nor-9-carboxy-(±)-cis-Δ9-tetrahydrocannabinol-β-D-glucuronide. This poses the problem for immunoassays, because different stereoisomers may have different cross-reactivity (CR). The aim of the current study was to extract the biological stereoisomer (-)-trans-THC-COOH-Gluc from a urine sample of two marihuana consumers by solid-phase extraction with a Chromabond® C18 cartridge. The cannabinoids in the obtained extract were quantified by LC-MS-MS and used after dilution for further testing of the CR of (-)-trans-THC-COOH-Gluc with a homogenous enzyme immunoassay assay (hEIA) (Urine HEIA® Cannabinoids (THC), Immunalysis™, Pomona, CA, USA). The CR was determined as the measured HEIA® signal (ng/mL) per THC-COOH-Gluc concentration (ng/mL) in percentage. Results showed that the CR (determined in concentration ratios) is concentration dependent and is 72 to 87% in the calibration range (20-50 ng/mL). At the cut-off of the hEIA (40 ng/mL) the CR was determined to be 75%. With a molecular weight quotient of 1.51 (MWTHC-COOH-Gluc/MWTHC-COOH = 520.568 g/mol/344.451 g/mol), this means that cross-reactivity (in molar ratios) is 106-131%. This finding is important, since the major metabolite of THC in urine is (-)-trans-THC-COOH-Gluc and not (-)-trans-THC-COOH, which is used for calibration and no hydrolysis is performed during the determination by hEIA.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine > Forensic Chemistry and Toxicology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Service Sector > Institute of Legal Medicine

UniBE Contributor:

Grafinger, Katharina and Weinmann, Wolfgang

Subjects:

600 Technology > 610 Medicine & health

ISSN:

0146-4760

Publisher:

Oxford University Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Antoinette Angehrn

Date Deposited:

06 Jul 2020 08:36

Last Modified:

10 Jun 2021 02:30

Publisher DOI:

10.1093/jat/bkaa063

PubMed ID:

32518954

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144784

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144784

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