Tissue-specific volatile-mediated defense regulation in maize leaves and roots

Van Doan, Cong; Züst, Tobias; Maurer, Corina; Zhang, Xi; Machado, Ricardo A. R.; Mateo, Pierre; Ye, Meng; Schimmel, Bernardus C. J.; Glauser, Gaétan; Robert, Christelle A. M. (23 February 2020). Tissue-specific volatile-mediated defense regulation in maize leaves and roots (bioRxiv). Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory 10.1101/2020.02.21.959437

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Plant leaves that are exposed to herbivore induced plant volatiles (HIPVs) respond by increasing their defenses. Whether this phenomenon also occurs in the roots is unknown. Using maize (Zea mays), whose leaves respond strongly to leaf HIPVs, we measured the impact of root HIPVs, emanating from plants infested by the banded cucumber beetle (Diabrotica balteata), on constitutive and herbivore-induced levels of root soluble sugars, starch, total soluble proteins, free amino acids, volatile and non-volatile secondary metabolites, defense gene expression, growth and root herbivore resistance of neighboring plants. HIPV exposure did not alter constitutive or induced levels of any of the measured root traits. Furthermore, HIPV exposure did not reduce the performance and survival of banded cucumber beetle larvae on maize or teosinte. Cross-exposure experiments revealed that maize roots, in contrast to maize leaves, neither emit nor respond strongly to defense-regulating HIPVs. Together, these results demonstrate that volatile-mediated defense regulation is restricted to the leaves of maize and teosinte, a finding which is in line with the lower diffusibility of volatiles in the soil and the availability of other, potentially more efficient information conduits below ground.

Item Type:

Working Paper

Division/Institute:

10 Strategic Research Centers > Oeschger Centre for Climate Change Research (OCCR)
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS) > Biotic Interactions
08 Faculty of Science > Department of Biology > Institute of Plant Sciences (IPS)

UniBE Contributor:

Doan, Van Cong; Züst, Tobias; Maurer, Corina; Zhang, Xi; Machado, Ricardo; Mateo, Pierre; Ye, Meng; Schimmel, Bernardus Cornelis J. and Robert, Christelle Aurélie Maud

Subjects:

500 Science > 580 Plants (Botany)

Series:

bioRxiv

Publisher:

Cold Spring Harbor Laboratory

Language:

English

Submitter:

Peter Alfred von Ballmoos-Haas

Date Deposited:

24 Jun 2020 09:59

Last Modified:

24 Jun 2020 09:59

Publisher DOI:

10.1101/2020.02.21.959437

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144807

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144807

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