Microbiota-Induced Type I Interferons Instruct a Poised Basal State of Dendritic Cells.

Schaupp, Laura; Muth, Sabine; Rogell, Leif; Kofoed-Branzk, Michael; Melchior, Felix; Lienenklaus, Stefan; Ganal-Vonarburg, Stephanie C.; Klein, Matthias; Guendel, Fabian; Hain, Tobias; Schütze, Kristian; Grundmann, Ulrike; Schmitt, Vanessa; Dorsch, Martina; Spanier, Julia; Larsen, Pia-Katharina; Schwanz, Thomas; Jäckel, Sven; Reinhardt, Christoph; Bopp, Tobias; ... (2020). Microbiota-Induced Type I Interferons Instruct a Poised Basal State of Dendritic Cells. Cell, 181(5), 1080-1096.e19. Cell Press 10.1016/j.cell.2020.04.022

[img] Text
1-s2.0-S0092867420304852-main.pdf - Published Version
Restricted to registered users only
Available under License Publisher holds Copyright.

Download (3MB) | Request a copy

Environmental signals shape host physiology and fitness. Microbiota-derived cues are required to program conventional dendritic cells (cDCs) during the steady state so that they can promptly respond and initiate adaptive immune responses when encountering pathogens. However, the molecular underpinnings of microbiota-guided instructive programs are not well understood. Here, we report that the indigenous microbiota controls constitutive production of type I interferons (IFN-I) by plasmacytoid DCs. Using genome-wide analysis of transcriptional and epigenetic regulomes of cDCs from germ-free and IFN-I receptor (IFNAR)-deficient mice, we found that tonic IFNAR signaling instructs a specific epigenomic and metabolic basal state that poises cDCs for future pathogen combat. However, such beneficial biological function comes with a trade-off. Instructed cDCs can prime T cell responses against harmless peripheral antigens when removing roadblocks of peripheral tolerance. Our data provide fresh insights into the evolutionary trade-offs that come with successful adaptation of vertebrates to their microbial environment.

Item Type:

Journal Article (Original Article)

Division/Institute:

04 Faculty of Medicine > Department of Gastro-intestinal, Liver and Lung Disorders (DMLL) > Clinic of Visceral Surgery and Medicine > Gastroenterology
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Gastroenterologie / Mukosale Immunologie
04 Faculty of Medicine > Pre-clinic Human Medicine > BioMedical Research (DBMR) > DBMR Forschung Mu35 > Forschungsgruppe Gastroenterologie / Mukosale Immunologie

UniBE Contributor:

Ganal-Vonarburg, Stephanie Christine and Macpherson, Andrew

ISSN:

0092-8674

Publisher:

Cell Press

Language:

English

Submitter:

Andrew Macpherson

Date Deposited:

24 Jun 2020 10:38

Last Modified:

24 Jun 2020 10:44

Publisher DOI:

10.1016/j.cell.2020.04.022

PubMed ID:

32380006

Uncontrolled Keywords:

Microbiota conventional dendritic cells peripheral tolerance plasmacytoid dendritic cells type I interferons

BORIS DOI:

10.7892/boris.144820

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144820

Actions (login required)

Edit item Edit item
Provide Feedback