Römisches Emporium und Militärpräsenz im Oppidum auf dem Titelberg. Stand der Forschung 2017

Metzler, Jeannot; Gaeng, Catherine; Méniel, Patrice; Gaspar, Nicolas; Homan, Lydie; Tretola Martinez, Debora Cristina (2019). Römisches Emporium und Militärpräsenz im Oppidum auf dem Titelberg. Stand der Forschung 2017. In: Bödecker, Steve; Cott, Eva; Brüggler, Marion; Erb-Deschler, Eckhard; Grünewald, Martin; Hornung, Sabine; Morscheiser, Jennifer; Tutlies, Petra (eds.) Spätlatène- und frühkaiserzeitliche Archäologie zwischen Maas und Rhein. Materialien zur Bodendenkmalpflege im Rheinland: Vol. 28 (pp. 107-133). Bonn: Likias Verlag

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Recent excavations have revealed that the Treveran oppidum on the Titelberg (Mun. Pétange, L) was divided into three parts by linear ditches (Fig. 1). In the east, a large area of some 10 hectares in extent is interpreted as a public centre where political and religious meetings in conjunction with large markets were held. The middle section of the hill plateau was laid out a s a settlement area. Two palisade dichtes at right angles to one another divided up an area of 8 hectares in the west which had a double function. On the main roadway of the oppidum lay a a large building-complex with four sections surrounding an interior courtyard dating from the second quarter of the last century BC. The building was remodelled before the middle of the century. From this time on, sill-beam constructions replaced post-built structures. In the thirties, a building projecting into the courtyard was furnished with terrazzo flooring and wall-paintings. A two or three sided ambulatory was provided with a floor of opus spicatum. Small limestone pillars belonging to one or more aediculae support an interpretation as a shrine. The large building was vacated during the Treveran uprsinig in 30-29 BC and was subsequently purposely fired. Extensive finds suggest an interpretation of the assemblage as belonging to an establishment of Italic traders. This is substantiated, foremost, by the find of more than 1300 amphorae from various areas of the Mediterranean. A Roman military presence is well documented from the time of Caesar's Gallic War onwards. During the thirties, after the razing of the large building-compelx, finds of weapons and nails form military sandals found throughout the separated area substantiate a continuing Roman military presence.

Item Type:

Book Section (Book Chapter)

Division/Institute:

06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences
06 Faculty of Humanities > Department of History and Archaeology > Institute of Archaeological Sciences > Archaeology of the Roman Provinces

UniBE Contributor:

Tretola Martinez, Debora Cristina

Subjects:

900 History > 930 History of ancient world (to ca. 499)

ISBN:

978-3-9820399-2-3

Series:

Materialien zur Bodendenkmalpflege im Rheinland

Publisher:

Likias Verlag

Language:

German

Submitter:

Debora Cristina Tretola Martinez

Date Deposited:

29 Jun 2020 09:32

Last Modified:

29 Jun 2020 09:32

URI:

https://boris.unibe.ch/id/eprint/144874

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